The importance of superficial basal cell carcinoma in a retrospective study of 139 patients who underwent Mohs micrographic surgery in a Brazilian university hospital

Authors

  • Luciana Takata Pontes Hospital das Clínicas da Universidade Estadual de Campinas; Divisão Dermatologia; Clínica Médica
  • Rafael Fantelli Stelini Hospital das Clínicas da Universidade Estadual de Campinas; Patologia
  • Maria Leticia Cintra Hospital das Clínicas da Universidade Estadual de Campinas; Patologia
  • Renata Ferreira Magalhães Hospital das Clínicas da Universidade Estadual de Campinas; Divisão Dermatologia; Clínica Médica
  • Paulo Eduardo N.F. Velho Hospital das Clínicas da Universidade Estadual de Campinas; Divisão Dermatologia; Clínica Médica
  • Aparecida Machado Moraes Hospital das Clínicas da Universidade Estadual de Campinas; Divisão Dermatologia; Clínica Médica

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.6061/clinics/2015(11)01

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: Mohs micrographic surgery is a specialized surgical procedure used to treat skin cancer. The purpose of this study was to better understand the profile of the patients who underwent the procedure and to determine how histology might be related to complications and the number of stages required for complete removal. METHODS: The records of patients who underwent Mohs micrographic surgery from October 2008 to November 2013 at the Dermatology Division of the Hospital of the Campinas University were assessed. The variables included were gender, age, anatomical location, histology, number of stages required and complications. RESULTS: Contingency tables were used to compare the number of stages with the histological diagnosis. The analysis showed that patients with superficial basal cell carcinoma were 9.03 times more likely to require more than one stage. A comparison between complications and histological diagnosis showed that patients with superficial basal cell carcinoma were 6.5 times more likely to experience complications. CONCLUSION: Although superficial basal cell carcinoma is typically thought to represent a less-aggressive variant of these tumors, its propensity for demonstrating “skip areas” and clinically indistinct borders make it a challenge to treat. Its particular nature may result in the higher number of surgery stages required, which may, as a consequence, result in more complications, including recurrence. Recurrence likely occurs due to the inadequate excision of the tumors despite their clear margins. Further research on this subtype of basal cell carcinoma is needed to optimize treatments and decrease morbidity.

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Published

2015-11-01

How to Cite

Takata Pontes, L., Fantelli Stelini, R., Cintra, M. L., Magalhães, R. F., Velho, P. E. N., & Moraes, A. M. (2015). The importance of superficial basal cell carcinoma in a retrospective study of 139 patients who underwent Mohs micrographic surgery in a Brazilian university hospital . Clinics, 70(11), 721-725. https://doi.org/10.6061/clinics/2015(11)01

Issue

Section

Clinical Sciences