Effects of aquatic exercise on mental health, functional autonomy and oxidative stress in depressed elderly individuals: A randomized clinical trial

Authors

  • Luciano Acordi da Silva Universidade do Extremo Sul Catarinense, Grupo de Pesquisa de Exercicios Aquaticos Avancados, Laboratorio de Fisiologia e Bioquimica do Exercicio https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5650-9672
  • Luana Tortelli Universidade do Extremo Sul Catarinense, Grupo de Pesquisa de Exercicios Aquaticos Avancados, Laboratorio de Fisiologia e Bioquimica do Exercicio
  • Janaina Motta Universidade do Extremo Sul Catarinense, Grupo de Pesquisa de Exercicios Aquaticos Avancados, Laboratorio de Fisiologia e Bioquimica do Exercicio
  • Lorhan Menguer Universidade do Extremo Sul Catarinense, Grupo de Pesquisa de Exercicios Aquaticos Avancados, Laboratorio de Fisiologia e Bioquimica do Exercicio https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9200-1729
  • Sindianra Mariano Universidade do Extremo Sul Catarinense, Grupo de Pesquisa de Exercicios Aquaticos Avancados, Laboratorio de Fisiologia e Bioquimica do Exercicio
  • Gladson Tasca Universidade do Extremo Sul Catarinense, Programa de Pos-Graduacao em Ciencias da Saude, Laboratorio de Fisiopatologia Experimental
  • Gustavo de Bem Silveira Universidade do Extremo Sul Catarinense, Programa de Pos-Graduacao em Ciencias da Saude, Laboratorio de Fisiopatologia Experimental https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8860-7912
  • Ricardo Aurino Pinho Pontifı´ciUniversidade Catolica do Parana, Faculdade de Medicina, Programa de Pos-Graduacao em Ciencias da Saude, https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3116-4553
  • Paulo Cesar Lock Silveira Universidade do Extremo Sul Catarinense, Programa de Pos-Graduacao em Ciencias da Saude, Laboratorio de Fisiopatologia Experimental https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4908-2257

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.6061/clinics/2019/e322

Keywords:

Depression, Anxiety, Oxidative Stress, Aquatic Exercise

Abstract

OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of aquatic exercise on mental health, functional autonomy and oxidative stress parameters in depressed elderly individuals. METHODS: Initially, ninety-two elderly individuals were included in the study and were allocated into the depression group (n=16) and nondepression group (n=14). Both groups engaged in the aquatic exercise program for 12 weeks, including two weekly sessions (45 min/session) at a low intensity (between 50% and 60% of maximal heart rate or Borg scale scores of 13 to 14) throughout the intervention. All outcomes were evaluated at baseline and 12 weeks later. RESULTS: The patients were 63.5±8.8 years old. The following scores were decreased after training in the depressed group: depression (53%), anxiety (48%), and Timed Up & Go (33%). The following scores increased: Berg Balance Scale (9%) and flexibility (44%). Regarding the blood-based parameters, there were decreases in protein carbonylation (46%) and nitric oxide (60%) and increases in glutathione (170%) and superoxide dismutase (160%) in the depression group (po0.005). CONCLUSIONS: The aquatic exercise program reduces depression and anxiety, improves functional autonomy and decreases oxidative stress in depressed elderly individuals.

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Published

2019-06-28

How to Cite

Silva, L. A. da, Tortelli, L., Motta, J., Menguer, L., Mariano, S., Tasca, G., Silveira, G. de B., Pinho, R. A., & Silveira, P. C. L. (2019). Effects of aquatic exercise on mental health, functional autonomy and oxidative stress in depressed elderly individuals: A randomized clinical trial. Clinics, 74, e322. https://doi.org/10.6061/clinics/2019/e322

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Original Articles