Intracoronary Sarcoplasmic Reticulum CalciumATPase Gene Therapy in Advanced Heart Failure Patients with reduced Ejection Fraction: A Prospective Cohort Study

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DOI:

https://doi.org/10.6061/clinics/2020/e1530

Keywords:

Cardiac Events, Ejection Fraction, Heart Failure, Intracoronary Delivery, Sarcoplasmic Reticulum calcium-ATPase Gene Therapy

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: Heart failure is a progressive and debilitating disease. Intracoronary sarcoplasmic reticulum calciumATPase gene therapy may improve the function of cardiac muscle cells. This study aimed to test the hypothesis that intracoronary sarcoplasmic reticulum calcium-ATPase gene therapy can improve outcomes and reduce the number of recurrent and terminal events in advanced heart failure patients with reduced ejection fraction. METHODS: A total of 768 heart failure patients with reduced ejection fraction and New York Heart Association classification II to IV were included in this prospective cohort study. Patients either underwent intracoronary sarcoplasmic reticulum calcium-ATPase gene therapy (CA group, n=384) or received oral placebo (PA group; n=384). Data regarding recurrent and terminal event(s), treatment-emergent adverse effects, and outcome measures were collected and analyzed. RESULTS: After a follow-up period of 18 months, intracoronary sarcoplasmic reticulum calcium-ATPase gene therapy reduced the number of hospital admissions (p=0.001), ambulatory treatments (p=0.0004), and deaths (p=0.024). Additionally, intracoronary sarcoplasmic reticulum calcium-ATPase gene therapy improved the left ventricular ejection fraction (po0.0001) and Kansas City Cardiomyopathy Questionnaire score (po0.0001). The number of recurrent and terminal events/patients were higher in the PA group than in the CA group after the follow-up period of 18 months (p=0.015). The effect of the intracoronary sarcoplasmic reticulum calciumATPase gene therapy was independent of the confounding variables. No new arrhythmias were reported in the CA group. CONCLUSIONS: Intracoronary sarcoplasmic reticulum calcium-ATPase gene therapy reduces the number of recurrent and terminal events and improves the clinical course of advanced heart failure patients with reduced ejection fraction.

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Published

2020-03-30

How to Cite

Zhang, J., Hu, G., & Yang, S. (2020). Intracoronary Sarcoplasmic Reticulum CalciumATPase Gene Therapy in Advanced Heart Failure Patients with reduced Ejection Fraction: A Prospective Cohort Study. Clinics, 75, e1530. https://doi.org/10.6061/clinics/2020/e1530

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Original Articles