Skipping breakfast and physical fitness among school-aged adolescents

Authors

  • Jingcen Hu Ningbo University, School of Medicine, Zhejiang Provincial Key Laboratory of Pathophysiology, Department of Epidemiology https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3836-104X
  • Zhifei Li Ningbo University, the Affiliated Hospital of Medical School, Department of Pediatric
  • Sixuan Li Ningbo Municipal Center for Disease Control and Prevention https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0116-8812
  • Hui Li Ningbo Municipal Center for Disease Control and Prevention
  • Sijia Wang Ningbo Municipal Center for Disease Control and Prevention
  • Shuyu Wang Ningbo University, School of Medicine, Zhejiang Provincial Key Laboratory of Pathophysiology, Department of Epidemiology
  • Lei Xu Ningbo University, School of Medicine, Zhejiang Provincial Key Laboratory of Pathophysiology, Department of Epidemiology
  • Delun Yang Ningbo University, School of Medicine, Zhejiang Provincial Key Laboratory of Pathophysiology, Department of Epidemiology
  • Tiecheng Ruan Ningbo University, School of Medicine, Zhejiang Provincial Key Laboratory of Pathophysiology, Department of Epidemiology
  • Hang Li Ningbo University, School of Medicine, Zhejiang Provincial Key Laboratory of Pathophysiology, Department of Epidemiology
  • Shuo Han Ningbo Medical Center Lihuili Hospital, Medical Insurance Department https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0586-8266
  • Qinghai Gong Ningbo Municipal Center for Disease Control and Prevention https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7629-7352
  • Liyuan Han Ningbo University, School of Medicine, Zhejiang Provincial Key Laboratory of Pathophysiology, Department of Epidemiology https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3329-3212

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.6061/clinics/2020/e1599

Keywords:

Breakfast Skipping, Physical Fitness, Adolescents

Abstract

OBJECTIVES: This study explored the relationship between skipping breakfast and physical fitness in a group of school-aged adolescents in China. METHODS: This cross-sectional study from the Chinese National Surveillance on Students’ Constitution and Health (CNSSCH) survey in Ningbo, China, used a standardized questionnaire to assess the frequency of breakfast consumption. Physical fitness was measured through standing long jump, 50-m sprint, 1,000 (or 800)- m run, and vital capacity tests. Multiple linear regression analysis was used to investigate the relationship between the frequency of breakfast consumption and physical fitness. RESULTS: Our study included a total of 1,849 school-aged adolescents (aged 15.53±1.80 years). Among boys, non-breakfast-skippers had good scores for 50-m sprints, 1,000-m run, and vital capacity tests when compared with breakfast skippers (all po0.05). Among girls, non-breakfast-skippers had a good scores for the standing long jump test compared with breakfast skippers (p=0.003). The multiple linear regression model showed that not skipping breakfast was positively associated with vital capacity (b=-173.78, p=0.004) and inversely associated with 50-m sprint (b=-0.12, p=0.018) and 1,000-m run times (b=-8.08, p=0.001) in boys. CONCLUSION: The results of this cross-sectional study revealed that skipping breakfast might be associated with lower physical fitness in Chinese adolescents aged 13–18 years, especially boys. Breakfast consumption should be promoted among Chinese school-aged boys.

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Published

2020-08-13

How to Cite

Hu, J., Li, Z., Li, S., Li, H., Wang, S., Wang, S., Xu, L., Yang, D., Ruan, T., Li, H., Han, S., Gong, Q., & Han, L. (2020). Skipping breakfast and physical fitness among school-aged adolescents. Clinics, 75, e1599. https://doi.org/10.6061/clinics/2020/e1599

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Original Articles