Major salivary glands magnetic resonance imaging
Keywords:Salivary Glands, Magnetic Resonance Imaging, Diagnostic Imaging, Salivary Gland Disorders
Objectives: To provide basic information on the magnetic resonance imaging modalities, emphasizing the diffusion-weighted imaging technique, as well as to clarify its applicability to diagnose major salivary gland disorders. Methods: The PRISMA statement was used during data assessment and extraction. The MEDLINE (PubMed) database was searched for the period from 2010 to November 2017, for studies providing basic information on the MRI modalities as well its applicability to diagnose salivary gland disorders. Data extraction included information regarding: application of MRI modalities especially ADC and DWI to diagnose major salivary gland disorders. Results: The search yielded 58 publications in MEDLINE (PubMed). The initial screening of the publications was performed using abstracts and keywords. After application of exclusion criteria, we identified a total of 9 studies as eligible to be discussed. Studies revealed two main types of MRI modalities: ADC and DWI. Most of the studies suggest that MRI can be useful as a diagnostic tool for major salivary glands. Conclusion: MRI modalities are advantageous tools for salivary gland tissue evaluations. To demonstrate the accuracy of the distinct approach methods and modalities, more studies involving a larger number of patients studied are necessary.
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