3D printers in dentistry: a review of additive manufacturing techniques and materials


  • Leonardo Portilha Gomes da Costa Universidade de São Paulo
  • Stephanie Isabel Díaz Zamalloa Universidade de São Paulo
  • Fernando Amorim Mendonça Alves Universidade de São Paulo
  • Renan Spigolon Universidade de São Paulo
  • Leandro Yukio Mano Universidade Estadual do Rio de Janeiro
  • Claudio Costa Universidade de São Paulo
  • Alessandra Mazzo Universidade de São Paulo




Printing, Three-dimensional, Dental Materials, Dentistry


3D printers manufacture objects used in various dental specialties. Objective: This literature review aims to explore different techniques of current 3D printers and their applications in printed materials for dental purposes. Methods: The online PubMed databases were searched aiming to find applications of different 3D printers in the dental area. The keywords searched were 3D printer, 3D printing, additive manufacturing, rapid prototyping, 3D prototyping, dental materials and dentistry. Results: From the search results, we describe Stereolithography (SLA), Digital Light Processing (DLP), Material Jetting (MJ), Fused Deposition Modeling (FDM), Binder Jetting (BJ) and Dust-based printing techniques. Conclusion: 3D printing enables different additive manufacturing techniques to be used in dentistry, providing better workflows and more satisfying clinical results.


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Author Biographies

Leonardo Portilha Gomes da Costa, Universidade de São Paulo

Department of Restorative Dentistry, Hospital for Rehabilitation of Craniofacial Anomalies, University of São Paulo (USP), Bauru, SP, Brazil

Stephanie Isabel Díaz Zamalloa, Universidade de São Paulo

Department of Esthetic Dentistry, Faculty of Dentistry, University of São Paulo (USP), São Paulo, SP, Brazil

Fernando Amorim Mendonça Alves, Universidade de São Paulo

Department of Stomatology, Faculty of Dentistry, University of São Paulo (USP), São Paulo, SP, Brazil

Renan Spigolon, Universidade de São Paulo

Department of Stomatology, Faculty of Dentistry, University of São Paulo (USP), São Paulo, SP, Brazil

Leandro Yukio Mano, Universidade Estadual do Rio de Janeiro

University of the State of Rio de Janeiro (UERJ), Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil

Claudio Costa, Universidade de São Paulo

Department of Stomatology, Faculty of Dentistry, University of São Paulo (USP), São Paulo, SP, Brazil

Alessandra Mazzo, Universidade de São Paulo

Faculty of Dentistry of Bauru, Hospital for Rehabilitation of Craniofacial Anomalies, University of São Paulo (USP), Bauru, SP, Brazil


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