Modeling economic growth fuelled by science and technology

Autores

  • Leonardo Costa Ribeiro Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais. Departamento de Economia
  • Ricardo Machado Ruiz Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais. Departamento de Economia
  • Américo Tristão Bernardes Universidade Federal de Ouro Preto. Departamento de Física
  • Eduardo da Motta e Albuquerque Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais. Departamento de Economia

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.1590/S0101-41612010000200003

Palavras-chave:

sistemas nacionais de inovação, patente, ciência, competitividade, crescimento econômico

Resumo

Este artigo propõe um modelo de simulação para investigar a contribuição da ciência e da tecnologia para o crescimento econômico. O ponto de partida são os sistemas nacionais de inovação, um conceito que sintetiza a capacitação tecnológica das nações. Desta forma, o modelo pode preservar simplicidade e parcimônia. Os dados coletados (patentes, artigos e PIB e população, para 183 países) indicam uma forte correlação entre ciência, tecnologia e renda. Três exercícios com simulações são realizados para diversos momentos do tempo, mostrando a progressiva aderência do modelo a essas variáveis tecnológicas.

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Publicado

2010-06-30

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