Wage differentials by firm size: the efficiency wage test in a developing country

Autores

  • Tatiane Almeida de Menezes Universidade Federal de Pernambuco
  • Isabel Pessoa de Araújo Raposo Fundação Joaquim Nabuco

Palavras-chave:

Salário-eficiência, Esforço laboral, Tamanho da firma, Diferenciais de salário

Resumo

Usando dados da Pesquisa Mensal de Emprego (PME/ IBGE) para os anos de 2006 e
2007, este artigo investiga se a diferença de salários por tamanho de firma no Brasil
pode ser explicada pela Teoria do Salário Eficiência. Estimações de Switching Regression
são utilizadas para verificar se as empresas de grande porte pagam um prêmio salarial
maior aos seus funcionários por esforço despendido, comparativamente às pequenas
empresas. Os resultados corroboram as predições do Salário Eficiência, uma vez que
revelam uma relação positiva entre salário e esforço laboral e também entre escolaridade
e duração no posto de trabalho. No entanto, esses resultados não são suficientes
para explicar o diferencial de salários existente entre grandes e pequenas empresas no
mercado de trabalho brasileiro.

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Publicado

2014-03-30

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Artigo