Financiamento, crescimento econômico e funcionalidade do sistema financeiro: uma abordagem pós-keynesiana

Autores

  • Luiz Fernando de Paula Universidade do Estado do Rio de Janeiro

Palavras-chave:

sistema financeiro, crescimento econômico, teoria pós-keynesiana

Resumo

Este artigo analisa o papel do sistema financeiro para o crescimento econômico e oconceito de funcionalidade do sistema financeiro na visão pós-keynesiana. Argumenta-seque nessa perspectiva teórica um sistema financeiro funcional é aquele com poder decriação de crédito para atender a demanda de liquidez necessária para realização dosgastos pelos agentes, e com capacidade de criar mecanismos financeiros apropriadospara realização da consolidação de dívidas das firmas inversoras. Assim, ele pode permitirum ritmo de acumulação a um nível superior àquele que seria viável pela simplesacumulação de poupanças prévias. O artigo destaca ainda que o conceito de funcionalidadedo sistema financeiro supõe a existência de uma estrutura diversificada deinstituições e instrumentos financeiros que possa oferecer alternativas de financiamentopara os agentes (principalmente firmas) realizarem seus gastos.

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Publicado

2013-06-30

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