THE METAPHYSICS OF AUGUSTINE AND THE FOUNDATION OF THE CARTESIAN SCIENCE

Autores

  • William de Jesus Teixeira Universidade de Brasília

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.11606/issn.2447-9012.espinosa.2017.137402

Palavras-chave:

Descartes, Augustine, Metaphysics, Cogito, Science.

Resumo

The aim of this paper is to show to what extent Descartes can be situated within the Augustinian metaphysical tradition and to what extent he has departed from it. To this end, we will argue that Descartes has borrowed his main Meditations’ arguments from Augustine’s philosophy. However, in spite of all factual and textual evidence we will provide against the originality of Descartes’ metaphysical discussions, it will be stressed, on the other hand, that in borrowing not only the cogito argument, but also some general features of his philosophy from Augustine’s works, Descartes intends to frame a metaphysics which will be the ground on his new mechanistic physics. Having this in mind, we will hold that no claim can be put forward against the originality and far-reaching scope of Descartes’ philosophical intentions. Indeed, Descartes’ purpose is to build a new science under a metaphysics, even though this metaphysics is the Augustianian one.

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Biografia do Autor

William de Jesus Teixeira, Universidade de Brasília

Estudante de filosofia na Universidade de Brasília.

Referências

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______. De libero arbitrio. < Disponível em: <http://www.augustinus.it/latino/>. Acessado em: 04/11/2015.

______. De magistro. Disponível em: < http://www.augustinus.it/latino/>. Acessado em: 11/09/2015.

______. De vera religione. Disponível em: <http://www.augustinus.it/latino/vera_religione/index.htm>. Acessado em: 01/12/2015.

______. Soliloquia. Disponível em:< http://www.augustinus.it/latino/soliloqui/index.htm>. Acessado em: 10/12/2015.

DESCARTES, René. 1996. Oeuvres de Descartes, 11 volumes, (Charles Adam and Paul Tannery, eds) Paris: J. Vrin.

GILSON, Étienne. 1951. Études sur le rôle de la pensée mediévale dans la formation du système cartésien. Paris: Librairie Philosophique J. Vrin.

GAUKROGER, Stephen. 2002. Descartes’ system of natural philosophy. New York: Cambridge University Press.

MARION, Jean-Luc. 1992. “Cartesian metaphysics and the role of simple natures”. In: COTTINGHAM, John (Ed.). Cambridge Companion to Descartes, pp. 115-139. Cambridge: Cambrigde University Press.

MENN, Stephen. 1998. Descartes and Augustine. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

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Publicado

2017-12-28

Como Citar

Teixeira, W. de J. (2017). THE METAPHYSICS OF AUGUSTINE AND THE FOUNDATION OF THE CARTESIAN SCIENCE. Cadernos Espinosanos, (37), 291-313. https://doi.org/10.11606/issn.2447-9012.espinosa.2017.137402

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