Qualia, semiotic categories, and sensuous truth: rhematics, pragmatics, symbolics





Qualia, Facts of firstness, Rhematics, Sensuous semiotics, Peirce’s classes of signs


It is a social-scientific truism, and also a problem, that the “immediate” sensuous truth for individuals is part of, and therefore must be investigated through, the “dynamic” semiosis of social groups. Qualia, carefully formulated as facts of firstness, disaggregate and clarify some aspects of the problem. Facts of firstness become methodologically viable as a semiotic category by weighting Peirce’s 1903 Triangle of ten sign types toward the interpretant and thereby rearranging the diagram. This diagrammatic rearrangement discloses the domain of rhematics, extending continuously from the familiar rhematic symbolic legisigns of language to qualia as limit cases where semiotic mediation itself seems to be suspended in (and by) aesthetic immediacy. The diagrammatic rearrangement also highlights qualia as cultural emergents: precipitates of vast scales and operations of semiosis that bear deceptively little resemblance to the processes of their production. A multimodal example of sonic, kinaesthetic, and visual calibration grounds the discussion.


Não há dados estatísticos.

Biografia do Autor

Nicholas Harkness, Harvard University

Modern Korean Economy and Society Professor of Anthropology at Harvard University, Cambridge, USA.


AGHA, Asif. Commodity Registers. Journal of Linguistic Anthropology, v. 21, n. 1, p. 22-53, 2011.

ARISTOTLE. The Organon, or logical treatises of Aristotle. With the introduction of Porphyry. Literally translated, with notes, syllogistic examples, analysis, and introduction. London: Bohn's classical library, 1853.

ARISTOTLE. The complete works of Aristotle: the revised Oxford translation. In: BARNES, Jonathan (ed.). Oxford translation. Oxford: Past masters (InteLex Corporation), 1992.

BALL, Christopher. On Dicentization. Journal of linguistic anthropology, v. 24, n. 2, p. 151-173, 2014.

BARTHES, Roland. The Grain of the Voice. In: HEATH, Stephen et al. (eds.). Image-music-text. New York: Hill and Wang, 1977 [1972].

BERNSTEIN, Nikolai. The Co-ordination and Regulation of Movements. Oxford: Pergamon Press, 1967.

BERNSTEIN, Nikolai. On Dexterity and Its Development. In: LATASH, Mark; TURVEY, Michael (ed.). Dexterity and Its Development. Mahwah: Erlbaum, 1996 [1945-46].

BOAS, Franz. On Alternating Sounds. American Anthropologist, v. 2, n. 1, 1889. p. 47-54.

BORGES, Priscila. A Visual Model of Peirce’s 66 Classes of Signs Unravels His Late Proposal of Enlarging Semiotic Theory. In: MAGNANI, L. et al (ed). Model-Based Reasoning in Science & Technology. Berlin: Springer Verlag, 2010. p. 221-237.

BRIGHTMAN, Robert. Forget Culture: Replacement, Transcendance, Relexification. Cultural Anthropology, v. 10, n. 4, p. 509-546, 1995.

CHUMLEY, Lily Hope. Evaluation Regimes and the Qualia of Quality. Anthropological Theory, v. 13, n. 1-2, p. 169-183, 2013.

CHUMLEY, Lily Hope. Qualia and Ontology: Language, Semiotics, and Materiality; an introduction. Signs and Society, v. 5, (S1), p. 1-20, 2017.

CHUMLEY, Lily Hope; HARKNESS, Nicholas. Introduction: QUALIA. Anthropological Theory, v. 13, n. 1-2, p. 3-11, 2013.

COLERIDGE, Samuel Taylor. Specimens of the Table Talk of the Late Samuel Taylor Coleridge. New York: Harper & Brothers, 1835.

COLERIDGE, Samuel Taylor. The Notebooks of Samuel Taylor Coleridge, v. 4: 1819-1926. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1990.

DENNETT, Daniel. Quining Qualia. In: MARCEL, Anthony John; BISIACH, Edoardo (ed.). Consciousness in Contemporary Science. New York: Oxford University Press, 1988.

ECO, Umberto. Kant and the Platypus: Essays on Language and Cognition. Oxford: Secker & Warburg, 1999.

FARIAS, Priscila Lena; QUEIROZ, João. Visualizing Triadic Relations: Diagrams for Charles S. Peirce’s Classifications of Signs. Information Design Journal, v. 23, n. 2, p. 127-47, 2017.

FELD, Steven. ‘Aesthetics as Iconicity of Style’ (uptown title); or, (downtown title) 'Lift-up-over Sounding:’ Getting into the Kaluli Groove. In: KEIL, Charles; FELD, Steven (ed.). Music Grooves: Essays and Dialogues. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1994. p. 109-150.

FELD, Steven. Waterfalls of Song: An Acoustemology of Place Resounding in Bosavi, Papua New Guinea. In: FELD, Steven; BASSO, Keith (ed.). Senses of Place. Santa Fe, New Mexico: School of American Research Press, 1996. p. 91-135.

GAL, Susan. Tastes of Talk: Qualia and the Moral Flavor of Signs. Anthropological Theory, v. 13, n. 1-2, p. 31-48, 2013.

GAL, Susan. Qualia as Value and Knowledge: Histories of European Porcelain. Signs and Society, v. 5 (S1), p. 128-153, 2017.

GAL, Susan; IRVINE, Judith. Signs of Difference: Language and Ideology in Social Life. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2019.

GOODMAN, Nelson. The Structure of Appearance. Indianapolis: Bobbs-Merrill, 1966.

HARKNESS, Nicholas. Softer Soju in South Korea. Anthropological Theory, v. 13, n. 1-2, p. 12-30, 2013.

HARKNESS, Nicholas. The Pragmatics of Qualia in Practice. Annual Review of Anthropology, v. 44, p. 573-589, 2015.

HARKNESS, Nicholas. The Open Throat: Deceptive Sounds, Facts of Firstness, and the Interactional Emergence of Voice. Signs and Society, v. 5 (S1), p. 21-52, 2017.

HARKNESS, Nicholas. Qualia. In: STANLAW, James (ed.). The International Encyclopedia of Linguistic Anthropology. Stanlaw: Wiley-Blackwell, 2020.

HARKNESS, Nicholas. Glossolalia and the Problem of Language. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2021.

HOFFMANN-DILLOWAY, Erika. Feeling Your Own (or Someone Else's) Face: Writing Signs from the Expressive Viewpoint. Language & Communication, v. 61, p. 88-101, 2018.

HOUSER, Nathan. Peirce, Phenomenology, and Semiotics. In: COBLEY, Paul. (ed.). The Routledge Companion to Semiotics. New York: Routledge, 2010. p. 89-100.

INOUE, Miyako. Vicarious Language: Gender and Linguistic Modernity in Japan. Berkeley: University of California Press, 2006.

IRVINE, Judith; GAL, Susan. Language Ideology and Linguistic Differentiation. In: KROSKRITY, Paul (ed.). Regimes of Language. Santa Fe, NM: School of American Research Press, 2000. p. 35-83.

JAKOBSON, Roman Closing Statement: Linguistics and Poetics. In: SEBEOK, Thomas Albert (ed.). Style in Language. Cambridge: MIT Press, 1960. p. 350-377.

JAKOBSON, Roman. Shifters, Verbal Categories, and the Russian Verb. In: WAUGH, Linda (ed.). Russian and Slavic Grammar: Studies, 1931-1981. Berlin: Mouton, 1984 [1957].

KEANE, Webb. Semiotics and the Social Analysis of Material Things. Language & Communication, v. 23, n. 3-4, p. 409-425, 2003.

KEANE, Webb. On Semiotic Ideology. Signs and Society, v. 6, n. 1, p. 64-87, 2018.

KEELEY, Brian. The Early History of the Quale and its Relation to the Senses. In: SYMONS, John; CALVO, Paco (ed.). The Routledge Companion to Philosophy of Psychology. New York: Routledge, 2009. p. 71-89.

KROSKRITY, Paul (ed). Regimes of Language: Ideologies, Polities, and Identities. Santa Fe, NM: School of American Research Press, 2000.

LEE, Hyemin. Sounds of Healing: Qualia of Medical Efficacy in a Traditional Korean Medical Clinic. Journal of Linguistic Anthropology, v. 32, n. 1, 2022.

LEWIS, Clarence Irving. Mind and the World-Order. New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, 1929.

MANNING, Paul. Response to Newell, Sasha. The Affectiveness of Symbols: Materiality, Magicality, and the Limits of the Antisemiotic Turn. Current Anthropology, v. 59, n. 1, p.14-16, 2018.

MOORE, Robert. From Genericide to Viral Marketing: On ‘Brand’. Language & Communication, v. 23, p. 331-357, 2003.

NAKASSIS, Constantine. Linguistic Anthropology in 2015: Not the Study of Language. American Anthropologist, v. 118, n. 2, p. 340-5, 2016.

NAKASSIS, Constantine. Poetics of Praise and Image-Texts of Cinematic Encompassment. Journal of Linguistic Anthropology, v. 29, n. 1, p. 69-94, 2019.

PARMENTIER, Richard. Signs in Society: Studies in Semiotic Anthropology. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1994.

PARMENTIER, Richard. Signs and Society: Further Studies in Semiotic Anthropology. Bloomington: University of Indiana Press, 2016.

PEIRCE, Charles S. The Collected Papers of Charles Sanders Peirce. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1994.

PORTIS-WINNER, Irene. Peirce, Saussure, and Jakobson's Aesthetic Function: Towards a Synthetic View of the Aesthetic Function. In: PARRET, Herman (ed.). Peirce and Value Theory: On Peircian Ethics and Aesthetics. Amsterdam: John Benjamins, 1994. p. 123-142.

ROBBINS, Joel; RUMSEY, Alan. Anthropology and the Opacity of Other Minds. Anthropological Quarterly, v. 81, p. 407-494, 2008.

ROSENTHAL, Sandra. Firstness and the Collapse of Universals. In: BERGMAN, Mats; QUEIROZ, João (ed.). The Commens Encyclopedia: The Digital Encyclopedia of Peirce Studies. http://www.commens.org, 2001.

SAPIR, Edward. Sound Patterns in Language. Language, v. 1, n. 2, p. 37-51, 1925.

SAPIR, Edward. The Status of Linguistics as a Science. Language, v. 5, n. 4, p. 207-214, 1929.

SAPIR, Edward. Language: An Introduction to the Study of Speech. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2014 [1921].

SCHIEFFELIN, Bambi; WOOLARD, Kathryn; KROSKRITY, Paul (ed.). Language Ideologies: Practice and Theory. New York: Oxford University Press, 1998.

SEDDA, Franciscu. Tradurre la tradizione: Sardegna: su ballu, i corpi, la cultura. Milan: Mimesis Edizioni, 2019 [2003].

SILVERSTEIN, Michael. Shifters, Linguistic Categories, and Cultural Description. In: BASSO, Keith; SELBY, Keith (ed.). Meaning in Anthropology. Albuquerque, NM: University of New Mexico Press, 1976. p. 11-55.

SILVERSTEIN, Michael. Language Structure and Linguistic Ideology. In: CLINE, Paul; HANKS, William; HOFBAUER, Charles (ed.). The Elements: A Parasession on Linguistic Units and Levels. Chicago: Chicago Linguistic Society, 1979. p. 193-247.

SILVERSTEIN, Michael. The Functional Stratification of Language and Ontogenesis. In: WESTSCH, James (ed.). Culture, Communication, and Cognition: Vygotskian Perspectives. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1985. p. 205-235.

SILVERSTEIN, Michael. Metapragmatic Discourse and Metapragmatic Function. In: LUCY, John (ed.). Reflexive Language: Reported Speech and Metapragmatics. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1993. p. 33-58.

SILVERSTEIN, Michael. The Limits of Awareness. In: DURANTI, Alessandro (ed.). Linguistic Anthropology: A Reader. Malden, Massachusetts: Blackwell, 2001 [1981]. p. 382-401.

SILVERSTEIN, Michael. “Cultural” Concepts and the Language-Culture Nexus. Current Anthropology, v. 45, n. 5, p. 621-652, 2004.

SILVERSTEIN, Michael. Does the Autonomy of Linguistics Rest on the Autonomy of Syntax? An Alternative Framing of Our Object of Study. In: MEEUWIS, Michael; ÖSTMAN, Jan-Ola (ed.). Pragmaticizing Understanding: Studies for Jef Verschueren. London: John Benjamins, 2012. p. 15-38.

SILVERSTEIN, Michael. Denotation and the Pragmatics of Language. In: ENFIELD, Nick; KOCKELMAN, Paul; SIDNEL, Jack (ed.). The Cambridge Handbook of Linguistic Anthropology. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2014. p. 128-157.

SOLERE, Jean-Luc. The Question of Intensive Magnitudes According to Some Jesuits in the Sixteenth and Seventeenth Centuries. The Monist, v. 84, n. 4, p. 582-616, 2001.

STASCH, Rupert. Ritual and Oratory Revisited: the Semiotics of Effective Action. Annual Review of Anthropology, v. 40, p. 159-74, 2011.

TAMBIAH, Stanley. Culture, Thought, and Social Action: An Anthropological Perspective. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1985.

TROUILLOT, Michel-Rolph. Adieu Culture: A New Duty Arises. In: TROUILLOT, Michel-Rolph (ed.). Global Transformations: Anthropology and the Modern World. London: Palgrave MacMillan, 2003. p. 97-116.




Como Citar

Harkness, N. . (2022). Qualia, semiotic categories, and sensuous truth: rhematics, pragmatics, symbolics: . Estudos Semióticos, 18(2), 56-81. https://doi.org/10.11606/issn.1980-4016.esse.2022.194325



Explorações teóricas