Plato and Equality for Women across Social Class

Authors

  • Coleen Patricia Zoller Susquehanna University

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.11606/issn.1981-9471.v15i1p35-62

Keywords:

Plato, Equality, Women

Abstract

This essay will marshal evidence for Plato’s extension of equal education and professional opportunity to all women, including artisan women who are not his ideal city’s philosopher-queens. I examine the explicit commentary in the Republic, Timaeus, and Laws about women in artisan professions, and I link it together with the three of the core principles advanced in the Republic, particularly (1) the principle of specialization (R. 369b-370c), (2) the principle of irrelevant reproductive differences (R. 454b-e, 456b), and (3) the principle of children’s potential (R. 415a-c, 423c-d) that arises from the myth of metals. Plato uses his Socrates and the Athenian to argue against gender discrimination because it violates these principles. Plato offering a theory of equal opportunity for women across all classes ought to be highlighted as one of the central achievements of the Republic.

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Author Biography

Coleen Patricia Zoller , Susquehanna University

Professor and Department Head.

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Published

2021-05-21

How to Cite

Zoller , C. P. (2021). Plato and Equality for Women across Social Class. Journal of Ancient Philosophy, 15(1), 35-62. https://doi.org/10.11606/issn.1981-9471.v15i1p35-62

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