Speech perception and quality of life of open-fit hearing aid users

Authors

  • Tatiana Manfrini GARCIA Universidade de São Paulo; Faculdade de Odontologia de Bauru; Departamento de Fonoaudiologia
  • Regina Tangerino de Souza JACOB Universidade de São Paulo; Faculdade de Odontologia de Bauru; Departamento de Fonoaudiologia
  • Maria Fernanda Capoani Garcia MONDELLI Universidade de São Paulo; Faculdade de Odontologia de Bauru; Departamento de Fonoaudiologia

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.1590/1678-775720150321

Abstract

Objective To relate the performance of individuals with hearing loss at high frequencies in speech perception with the quality of life before and after the fitting of an open-fit hearing aid (HA). Methods The WHOQOL-BREF had been used before the fitting and 90 days after the use of HA. The Hearing in Noise Test (HINT) had been conducted in two phases: (1) at the time of fitting without an HA (situation A) and with an HA (situation B); (2) with an HA 90 days after fitting (situation C). Study Sample Thirty subjects with sensorineural hearing loss at high frequencies. Results By using an analysis of variance and the Tukey’s test comparing the three HINT situations in quiet and noisy environments, an improvement has been observed after the HA fitting. The results of the WHOQOL-BREF have showed an improvement in the quality of life after the HA fitting (paired t-test). The relationship between speech perception and quality of life before the HA fitting indicated a significant relationship between speech recognition in noisy environments and in the domain of social relations after the HA fitting (Pearson’s correlation coefficient). Conclusions The auditory stimulation has improved speech perception and the quality of life of individuals.

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Published

2016-06-01

Issue

Section

Original Articles