Temporomandibular disorders among Brazilian adolescents: reliability and validity of a screening questionnaire

Authors

  • Ana Lucia FRANCO-MICHELONI Centro Universitário de Araraquara
  • Giovana FERNANDES Univ. Estadual Paulista; Araraquara Dental School; Department of Dental Materials and Prosthodontics
  • Daniela Aparecida de Godoi GONÇALVES Univ. Estadual Paulista; Araraquara Dental School; Department of Dental Materials and Prosthodontics
  • Cinara Maria CAMPARIS Univ. Estadual Paulista; Araraquara Dental School; Department of Dental Materials and Prosthodontics

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.1590/1678-775720130694

Abstract

Temporomandibular disorders (TMD) screeners assume significant item overlap with the screening questionnaire proposed by the American Academy of Orofacial Pain (AAOP). Objective: To test the reliability and validity of the Portuguese version of AAOP questions for TMD screening among adolescents. Material and Methods: Diagnoses from Research Diagnostic Criteria for Temporomandibular Disorders (RDC/TMD) Axis I were used as reference standard. Reliability was evaluated by internal consistency (KR-20) and inter-item correlation. Validity was tested by sensitivity, specificity, predictive values, accuracy and receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves, the relationship between the true-positive rate (sensitivity) and the false-positive rate (specificity). Test-retest reliability of AAOP questions and intra-examiner reproducibility of RDC/TMD Axis I were tested with kappa statistics. Results: The sample consisted of 1307 Brazilian adolescents (56.8% girls; n=742), with mean age of 12.72 years (12.69 F/12.75 M). According to RDC/TMD, 397 [30.4% (32.7% F/27.3% M)] of adolescents presented TMD, of which 330 [25.2% (27.6% F/22.2% M)] were painful TMD. Because of low consistency, items #8 and #10 of the AAOP questionnaire were excluded. Remaining items (of the long questionnaire version) showed good consistency and validity for three positive responses or more. After logistic regression, items #4, #6, #7 and #9 also showed satisfactory consistency and validity for two or more positive responses (short questionnaire version). Both versions demonstrated excellent specificity (about 90%), but higher sensitivity for detecting painful TMD (78.2%). Better reproducibility was obtained for the short version (k=0.840). Conclusions: The Portuguese version of AAOP questions showed both good reliability and validity for the screening of TMD among adolescents, especially painful TMD, according to RDC/TMD.

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Published

2014-07-01

Issue

Section

Original Articles