Serviços de saúde mental para afro-americanos: uma perspectiva cultural/racial
ResumoOs afro-americanos vêm progredindo muito em direcào a uma verdadeira cidadania desde 1965. Contudo, os serviços de saúde mental para essa população têm sido tendenciosos, incompletos e deficientes, porque as similaridades com os curo-americanos têm sido enfatizadas, ao passo que as diferenças têm sido largamente ignoradas. Este artigo aborda algumas dessas diferenças, incluindo a identidade cultural/racial e o ‘eu cultural’ que afetam a avaliação, os diagnósticos psiquiátricos e a psico-terapia ou outras intervençoes. Um modelo de avaliação intervenção ilustra como a informação cultural pode melhorar o atendimento aos afro-americanos. Esse modelo exemplifica uma aplicação de psicologia cultural que pode contribuir para uma mudança na prática profissional, no treinamento e na pesquisa dentro de uma sociedade multicultural. Sugestões de diretrizes que emergem desse modelo apontam para áreas que necessitam ser enfatizadas no atendimento e na pesquisa.
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