Potes, Pratos e Contatos Culturais

Práticas Alimentares na Núbia durante o Reino Novo (c. 1.550-1.070 a.C.)

  • Rennan Lemos Universidade de Cambridge
  • Fábio Frizzo Universidade Federal do Triângulo Mineiro
Palavras-chave: Núbia Antiga, Egito Antigo, Cerâmica, Imperialismo, Consubstancialidade

Resumo

Até recentemente, a literatura especializada na Núbia do Reino Novo (1.550-1.070 a.C.) enfatizava a egipcianização das populações núbias, isto é, a adoção, quase que completa, de práticas culturais egípcias por tais populações. Nuanças desse tipo de abordagem incluíam identificar focos de resistência especialmente por parte dos chefes núbios, que escolheriam se egipcianizar como forma de obter, entre outras coisas, poder e prestígio. Hoje em dia, pelo contrário, novas pesquisas e escavações no Sudão, em sítios que datam do Reino Novo, estão revelando interações mais complexas entre as culturas egípcias e núbias no cotidiano dessas populações. Tais interações materializavam-se, entre outros tipos de objetos, em potes e pratos associados aos atos de armazenar, preparar e servir comida encontrados em sítios urbanos, sobretudo na Alta Núbia. Este artigo busca analisar as interações entre egípcios e núbios com base na coleção cerâmica produzida por escavações em diferentes sítios do Sudão e em dados bioarqueológicos relativos à dieta dessas populações à luz de uma teoria da consubstancialidade das relações de gênero, raça e classe. O objetivo é demonstrar como práticas culturais tão enraizadas como preparar, servir e consumir alimentos são difíceis de serem modificadas e guardam, portanto, um potencial de resistência cultural frente à imposição imperial de determinados costumes.

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Publicado
2019-04-09
Como Citar
Lemos, R., & Frizzo, F. (2019). Potes, Pratos e Contatos Culturais. Mare Nostrum, 10(1), 93-114. https://doi.org/10.11606/issn.2177-4218.v10i1p93-114
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Artigos