Response of Ocypode quadrata to storm waves on an urbanized sandy beach

Authors

  • Fernanda Ramos Fernandes de Oliveira
  • Leonardo Querobim Yokoyama

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.1590/2675-2824069.20-339frfo

Abstract

Extreme climate events cause major disturbances to the fauna of sandy beaches. For abiotic-controlled species, storm waves play a significant role in controlling populations. Considering the projected increase in the frequency of extreme climate events and the consequential influence on benthic macrofauna, there is a need to adjust the time-scale of observations. In this context, we conducted weekly monitoring of the ghost crab Ocypode quadrata on an urbanized sandy beach in southeast Brazil to evaluate the effect of storm waves on population dynamics. The effect of storm wave events was not as strong as expected, but two of the 8 registered storm events provoked an increase in density of O. quadrata. Although not significant, after events 4-5, the population suffered a decrease in density and burrows were concentrated in the upper supralittoral, probably because of contiguous effect of habitat reduction by trampling and the storm waves. It is probable that the combination of storm wave events in conjunction with urbanization could have prevented the population recovery by reducing the overall recruitment or even causing mortality or migration towards safer areas. Multi-factor approaches are needed to better understand the dynamics of O. quadrata in urbanized beaches, however, our study showed that weekly monitoring allowed us to record subtle variations in population dynamics that would go unregistered with other approaches but might reveal long-term changes.

References

ALBERTO, R. M. F & FONTOURA, N. F. 1999. Distribuição e estrutura etária de Ocypode quadrata (Fabricius, 1787) (Crustacea, Decapoda, Ocypodidae) em praia arenosa do litoral sul do Brasil. Revista Brasileira de Biologia, 59(1), 95-108.

ARAUJO, C. C., ROSA, D. M. & FERNANDES, J. M. 2008. Densidade e distribuição espacial do caranguejo Ocypode quadrata (Fabricius, 1787) (Crustacea, Ocypodidae) em três praias arenosas do Espírito Santo. Revista Biotemas, 21(4) ,73-80.

BARROS, F. 2001. Ghost crabs as a tool for rapid assessment of human impacts on exposed sandy beaches. Biological Conservation, 97(3), 399-404.

BLANKENSTEYN, A. 2006. O uso do caranguejo maria-farinha Ocypode quadrata (Fabricius) (Crustacea, Ocypodidae) como indicador de impactos antropogênicos em praias arenosas da Ilha de Santa Catarina, Santa Catarina, Brasil. Revista Brasileira de Zoologia, 23(3), 870-76.

BORZONE, C. A., ROSA, L. C., GUILHERME, P. D. B. & VIEIRA, J. V. 2015. Monitoramento de populações de Ocypode quadrata In: TURRA, A. & DENAIR, M. R. (orgs.). Protocolos para o Monitoramento de Habitats Bentônicos Costeiros - Rebentos (Rede de Monitoramento de Habitat Bentônicos Costeiros) São Paulo: Universidade de São Paulo, pp. 244-249.

BRANCO, J. O., HILLSHEIM, J. C., FRACASSO, H. A. A., CHRISTOFFERSEN, M. L. & EVANGELISTA, C. L. 2010. Bioecology of the ghost crab Ocypode quadrata (Fabricius, 1787) (Crustacea: Brachyura) compared with other intertidal crabs in the southwestern Atlantic. Journal of Shellfish Research, 29(2), 503-512.

BROWN, A. C. & MCLACHLAN, A. 2002. Sandy shore ecosystems and the threats facing them: some predictions for the year 2025. Environmental Conservation, 29(1), 62-77.

CORTE, G. N., SCHLACHER, T. A., CHECON, H. H., BARBOZA, C. A. M., SIEGLE, E., COLEMAN, R. A. & AMARAL, A. C. Z. 2017. Storm effects on intertidal invertebrates: increased beta diversity of few individuals and species. PeerJ, 5, e3360.

COSTA, L. L., MACHADO P. M. & ZALMON I. R. 2019. Do natural disturbances have significant effects on sandy beach macrofauna of Southeastern Brazil? Zoologia, 36, e29814.

DEFEO, O., MCLACHLAN, A., SCHOEMANN, D. S., SCHLACHER, T. A., DUGAN, J., JONES, A., LASTRA, M. & SCARPINI, F. 2009. Threats to sandy beach ecosystems: a review. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science, 81(1), 1-12.

FORTALEZA, M. O., GIRÃO, M. M. L., FRANKLIN JUNIOR, W., LIMA, J. P., ROCHA-BARREIRA, C. A. 2019. Which moon phase do we find more ghosts? Effects of the lunar cycle on the ghost crab Ocypode quadrata (Fabricius, 1787). Arquivos de Ciências do Mar, 52, 85-97.

GILPIN, M. E. & SOULÉ, M. E. 1986. Minimum viable populations: processes of species extinction. In: SOULÉ, M. E. (ed.). Conservation biology: the science of scarcity and diversity Suderland: Sinauer.

GÜL, M. R. & GRIFFEN, B. D. 2019a. Burrowing behavior and burrowing energetics of a bioindicator under human disturbance. Ecology and Evolution, 9(24), 142205-14216.

GÜL, M. R. & GRIFFEN, B. D. 2019b. Combined impacts of natural and anthropogenic disturbances on the bioindicator Ocypode quadrata (Fabricius, 1787). Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, 519, 151185.

HAMMER, Ø., HARPER, D. A. T. & RYAN, P. D. 2001. Past: Paleontological statistics software package for education and data analysis [online]. Palaeontologia Electronica, 4(1), 1-9. Available at: http://palaeo-electronica.org/2001_1/past/issue1_01.htm [Accessed: 20 February 2021].

» http://palaeo-electronica.org/2001_1/past/issue1_01.htm

HOBBS, C. H., LANDRY, C. B. & PERRY, J. E. 2008. Assessing anthropogenic and natural impacts on ghost crabs (Ocypode quadrata) at Cape Hatteral National Seashore, North Carolina. Journal of Coastal Research, 24(6), 1450-8.

LUCREZI, S. & SCHLACHER, T. A. 2014. The ecology of ghost crabs. Oceanography and Marine Biology: An Annual Review, 52, 201-56.

LUCREZI, S., SCHLACHER, T. A. & WALKER, S. 2009. Monitoring human impacts on sandy shore ecosystems: a test of ghost crabs (Ocypode spp.) as biological indicators on an urban beach. Environmental, monitoring and assessment, 152, 413-424.

MACHADO, P. M., COSTA, L. L., SUCIU, M. C., TAVARES, D. C. & ZALMON, I. R. 2016. Extreme storm wave influence on sandy beach macrofauna with distinct human pressures. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 107(1), 25-135.

MACHADO P. M., TAVARES D. C. & ZALMON I. R. 2019. Synergistic effect of extreme climatic events and urbanization on population density of the ghost crab Ocypode quadrata (Fabricius, 1787). Marine Ecology, 40(2), e12525.

MCCARTHY, J. J., CANZIANI, O. F., LEARY, N. A., DOKKEN, D. J. & WHITE, K. S. 2001. Climate Change 2001, impacts, adaptation, and vulnerability Cambridge: Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change/Cambridge University Press.

NEGREIROS-FRANSOZO, M. L., FRANSOZO, A. & BERTINI, G. 2002. Reproductive cycle and recruitment period of Ocypode quadrata (Decapoda, Ocypodidae) at a sandy beach in southeastern Brazil. Journal of Crustacean Biology, 22(1), 157-161.

NEVES, F. M. & BEMVENUTTI, C. E. 2006. The ghost crab Ocypode quadrata (Fabricius, 1787) as a potential indicator of anthropic impact along the Rio Grande do Sul coast, Brazil. Biological Conservation , 133(4), 431-435.

OCANA, F. A., JESUS-NAVARRE, A., JESUS-CARRILLO, R. M. & OLIVA-RIVERA, J. J. 2016. Efectos del disturbio humano sobre la dinamica poblacional de Ocypode quadrata (Decapoda: Ocypodidae) en playas del Caribe Mexicano. Revista de Biologia Tropical, 64(4), 1625-1641.

PETERSON, C. H., HICKERSON, D. H. & JOHNSON, G. G. 2000. Short-term consequences of nourishment and bulldozing on the dominant large invertebrates of a sandy beach. Journal of Coastal Research, 16(2), 368-378.

POMBO, M., CAMPAGNOLI, M., CASTILHO-MARTINS, E. A. & TURRA, A. 2017a. Continuous, video-recording assessment of daily activity cycle of the ghost crab Ocypode quadrata Fabricius, 1787 (Brachyura: Ocypodidae) in southeastern Brazil. Journal of Crustacean Biology , 38(2), 133-139.

POMBO, M., OLIVEIRA, A. L., XAVIER, L. Y., SIEGLE, E. & TURRA, A. 2017b. Natural drivers of distribution of ghost crabs Ocypode quadrata and the implications of estimates from burrows. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 565, 131-147.

POMBO, M. & TURRA, A. 2017. Variation in the body growth parameters of the ghost crab Ocypode quadrata from morphodynamically distinct sandy beaches. Brazilian Journal of Oceanography, 65(4), 656-665.

POMBO, M. & TURRA, A. 2019. The burrow resetting method, an easy and effective approach to improve indirect ghost-crab population assessments. Ecological Indicators, 104, 422-428.

SCHERNER, F., HORTA, P. A., OLIVEIRA, E. C, SIMONASSI, J. C., HALL-SPENCER, J. M., CHOW, F., NUNES, J. M. C. & PEREIRA, S. M. B. 2013. Coastal urbanization leads to remarkable seaweed species loss and community shifts along the SW Atlantic. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 76(1-2), 106-15.

SCHLACHER, T. A., DUGAN, J., SCHOEMAN, D. S., LASTRA, M., JONES, A., SCAPINI, F., MCLACHLAN, A. & DEFEO, O. 2007. Sandy beaches at the brink. Diversity and Distributions, 13(5), 556-560.

SCHLACHER, T. A., LUCREZI, S., CONNOLLY, R. M., PETERSON, C. H., GILBY, B. L., MASLO, B., OLDS, A. D., WALKER, S. J., LEON, J. X., HUIJBERS, C. M., WESTON, M. A., TURRA, A., HYNDES, G. A., HOLT, R. A. & SCHOEMAN, D. S. 2016. Human threats to sandy beaches: a meta-analysis of ghost crabs illustrates global anthropogenic impacts. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science, 169, 56-73.

SOUZA, C. R. G. 2012. Praias arenosas oceânicas do estado de São Paulo (Brasil): síntese dos conhecimentos sobre morfodinâmica, sedimentologia, transporte costeiro e erosão costeira. Revista do Departamento de Geografia, spe v., 207-371.

TÁBUA DE MARÉS E SOLUNARES. 2020. Previsão e pescaria - Santos [online]. Santos: Tábua de Marés. Available at: https://tabuademares.com/br/so-paulo/santos [Accessed: 20th February 2021].

» https://tabuademares.com/br/so-paulo/santos

UNDERWOOD, A. J. 1994. On beyond BACI: sampling designs that might reliably detect environmental disturbances. Ecological Applications, 4(1), 3-15.

WALKER, S. J., SCHLACHER, T. A. & THOMPSON, L. M. C. 2008. Habitat modification in a dynamic environment: the influence of a small artificial groyne on macrofaunal assemblages of a sandy beach. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science, 79(1), 24-34.

Downloads

Published

2021-05-28

How to Cite

Oliveira, F. R. F. de, & Yokoyama, L. Q. . (2021). Response of Ocypode quadrata to storm waves on an urbanized sandy beach. Ocean and Coastal Research, 69, 11. https://doi.org/10.1590/2675-2824069.20-339frfo

Issue

Section

Original Article