Phytoplankton community in a tropical estuarine gradient after an exceptional harmful bloom of Akashiwo sanguinea(Dinophyceae) in the Todos os Santos Bay

Authors

  • Helen Michelle de Jesus Affe
  • Lorena Pedreira Conceição
  • Diogo Souza Bezerra Rocha
  • Luis Antônio de Oliveira Proença
  • José Marcos de Castro Nunes

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.1590/2675-2824069.20-004hmdja

Keywords:

Algal blooms, Brazilian coast, Marine phytoplankton, Paraguaçu river estuary

Abstract

The objective of this study was to evaluate variations in the composition and abundance of the phytoplankton community after an exceptional harmful bloom of Akashiwo sanguinea that occurred in Todos os Santos Bay (BTS) in early March, 2007. Samples were collected every ten days, between April, 2007 and March, 2008, from the estuarine gradient of the Paraguaçu River to BTS. The physical and chemical variables were measured in situ using a multiparameter sensor. Water samples were collected for analysis of the dissolved inorganic nutrient concentrations and for the study of composition and abundance of the microphytoplankton. Overall, 135 taxa were identified, with a higher richness of diatoms. The total cell density ranged from 2.92 × 103 to 1.16 × 107 (5.47 × 105 ± 1.69 × 106) cells L−1, with higher values in the freshwater zone than in the marine area. Five species showed peaks of abundance throughout the study, forming small blooms. Four of these blooms occurred in the rainy season, formed by the species Guinardia striata (April, 2007), Scrippsiella cf. acuminata (August, 2007), Euglena gracilis (August, 2007), and Skeletonema cf. costatum (September, 2007), while a new bloom of the species Akashiwo sanguinea occurred during the dry season (December, 2007). The environment was typically oligotrophic, with low spatiotemporal variation in the concentrations of dissolved nutrients. Even so, we observed short-term variations in the structure and composition of the phytoplankton community, demonstrated by rapid bloom events, followed by an increase in the total abundance of microphytoplankton, especially during the rainy season. The blooms did not cause any notable changes in the water column and did not present any harmful effects on the system.

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2021-06-15

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Affe, H. M. de J. ., Conceição, L. P. ., Rocha, D. S. B. ., Proença, L. A. de O. ., & Nunes, J. M. de C. . (2021). Phytoplankton community in a tropical estuarine gradient after an exceptional harmful bloom of Akashiwo sanguinea(Dinophyceae) in the Todos os Santos Bay. Ocean and Coastal Research, 69, 20. https://doi.org/10.1590/2675-2824069.20-004hmdja

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