Life satisfaction, affects at school, and depression symptoms among adolescents

Authors

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.1590/1982-4327e3203

Keywords:

Psychological assessment, Adolescents, Depression, Emotional states, Mental health

Abstract

The literature indicates that life satisfaction has a direct effect on depression symptoms. For better understanding depression in adolescence, this research examined the relation between life satisfaction and depression symptoms among Brazilian adolescents, and verified the direct effects of positive and negative affects at school, in addition to the mediating effect of these variables on the relation between life satisfaction and depression symptoms. A total of 428 adolescents participated in the research, with mean age equal to 14.88. The Baptista Depression Scale, the Life Satisfaction Scale, and the School Subjective Well-being Scale were used. The models were tested using Path Analysis. The results indicated that affects at school mediated the relation between life satisfaction and depression symptoms. Prevention initiatives that consider the affects related to the school context can be a useful strategy for the promotion of youth mental health.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Author Biographies

João Lucas Dias Viana, Universidade São Francisco

Universidade São Francisco, Campinas-SP, Brazil.

Ana Paula Porto Noronha, Universidade São Francisco

Universidade São Francisco, Campinas-SP, Brazil.

References

American Psychiatric Association. (2014). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders: DSM-5 (5th ed.). Washington, DC: Author. doi: 10.1176/appi.books.9780890425596

Au, W. C. C., & Kennedy, K. J. (2018). A positive education program to promote wellbeing in schools: A case study from a Hong Kong school. Higher Education Studies, 8(4), 9-22. doi: 10.5539/hes.v8n4p9

Baptista, M. N. (2018). Manual da Escala Baptista de Depressão: Versão infanto-juvenil [Baptist Depression Scale Manual for Children and Youth]. São Paulo, SP: Hogrefe.

Baptista, M. N., Hauck Filho, N., & Cardoso, C. (2016). Depressão e bem-estar subjetivo em crianças e adolescentes: Teste de modelos teóricos [Depression and subject well-being in children and adolescents: Testing theoretical model]. Psico, 47(4), 259-267. doi:10.15448/1980-8623.2016.4.23012

Bernaras, E., Jaureguizar, J., & Garaigordobil, M. (2019). Child and adolescent depression: A review of theories, evaluation instruments, prevention programs, and treatments. Frontiers in Psychology, 10, 543. doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2019.00543

Caci, H., Morin, A. J. S., & Tran, A. (2015). Investigation of a bifator model of the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire. European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 24(10), 1291-1301. doi:10.1007/s00787-015-0679-3

Dias-Viana, J. L., & Noronha, A. P. P. (2021). School Subjective Well-Being Scale (EBESE): Development and validation of an education assessment measure. Ciencias Psicológicas, 15(1), e2349. doi:10.22235/cp.v15i1.2349

Díaz-García, A., González-Robles, A., Mor, S., Mira, A., Quero, S., García-Palacios, A., ... & Botella, C. (2020). Positive and Negative Affect Schedule (PANAS): Psychometric properties of the online Spanish version in a clinical sample with emotional disorders. BMC Psychiatry, 20(1), 56. doi:10.1186/s12888-020-2472-1

Diener, E., Heintzelman, S. J., Kushlev, K., Tay, L., Wirtz, D., Lutes, L. D., & Oishi, S. (2017). Findings all psychologists should know from the new science on subjective well-being. Canadian Psychology, 58(2), 87-104. doi:10.1037/cap0000063

Gigantesco, A., Fagnani, C., Toccaceli, V., Stazi, M. A., Lucidi, F., Violani, C., & Picardi, A. (2019). The relationship between satisfaction with life and depression symptoms by gender. Frontiers in Psychiatry, 10, 419. doi:10.3389/fpsyt.2019.00419

Huebner, E. S. (2004). Research on assessment of life satisfaction on children and adolescents. Social Indicators Research, 66, 3-33. doi:10.1023/B:SOCI.0000007497.57754.e3

Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatística. (2016). Pesquisa nacional de saúde do escolar: 2015 [Student’s health national research: 2015]. Rio de Janeiro, RJ: IBGE. Retrieved from https://biblioteca.ibge.gov.br/visualizacao/livros/liv97870.pdf

Lin, W.-H., & Yi, C.-C. (2019). The effect of family cohesion and life satisfaction during adolescence on later adolescent outcomes: A prospective study. Youth & Society, 51(5), 680-706. doi:10.1177/0044118x17704865

Lombardo, P., Jones, W., Wang, L., Shen, X., & Goldner, E. M. (2018). The fundamental association between mental health and life satisfaction: Results from successive waves of a canadian national survey. BMC Public Health, 18(1), 342. doi:10.1186/s12889-018-5235-x

Lu, W. (2019). Adolescent depression: National trends, risk factors, and healthcare disparities. American Journal of Health Behavior, 43(1), 181-194. doi:10.5993/ajhb.43.1.15

Morales-Vives, F., & Dueñas, J. M. (2018). Predicting suicidal ideation in adolescent boys and girls: The role of psychological maturity, personality traits, depression and life satisfaction. The Spanish Journal of Psychology, 21, E10. doi:10.1017/sjp.2018.12

Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development. (2017). PISA 2015 Results (Volume III): Student’s well-being. doi: 10.1787/19963777

Pekrun, R. (2017). Emotion and achievement during adolescence. Child Development Perspectives, 11(3), 215-221. doi:10.1111/cdep.12237

Pössel, P., Burton, S. M., Cauley, B., Sawyer, M. G., Spence, S. H., & Sheffield, J. (2018). Associations between social support from family, friends, and teachers and depressive symptoms in adolescents. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 47(2), 398-412. doi:10.1007/s10964-017-0712-6

Robina-Ramírez, R., Medina Merodio, J. A., & McCallum, S. (2020). What role do emotions play in transforming students’ environmental behaviour at school? Journal of Cleaner Production, 258, 120638. doi:10.1016/j.jclepro.2020.120638

Segabinazi, J. D., Zortea, M., & Giacomoni, C. H. (2014). Avaliação de bem-estar subjetivo em adolescentes [Well-being assessment in adolescents]. In C. S. Hutz (Org.), Avaliação em psicologia positiva [Assessment in positive psychology] (pp. 69-84). Porto Alegre, RS: Artmed.

World Health Organization. (2017). Depression and other common mental disorders: Global health estimates. Geneva, Switzerland: Author. Retrieved from https://apps.who.int/iris/handle/10665/254610

Yang, X., Lau, J. T. F., & Lau, M. C. M. (2018). Predictors of remission from probable depression among Hong Kong adolescents - a large-scale longitudinal study. Journal of Affective Disorders, 229, 491-497. doi:10.1016/j.jad.2017.12.080

Zhu, X., & Shek, D. T. L. (2020). The influence of adolescent problem behaviors on life satisfaction: Parent-child subsystem qualities as mediators. Child Indicators Research, 13, 1767-1789. doi:10.1007/s12187-020-09719-7

Downloads

Published

2022-06-01

How to Cite

Viana, J. L. D., & Noronha, A. P. P. (2022). Life satisfaction, affects at school, and depression symptoms among adolescents. Paidéia (Ribeirão Preto), 32, e3203. https://doi.org/10.1590/1982-4327e3203

Issue

Section

Psychological Evaluation