Emotion regulation, subjective happiness and meaning of life of university students in the pandemic

Authors

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.1590/1982-4327e3219

Abstract

Emotion regulation in adverse situations may be essential to aspects related to subjective happiness and the meaning of life. The aim was to investigate associations between emotion regulation strategies and levels of subjective happiness and meaning of life university students in the context of the COVID-19 pandemic. 348 university students participated in the study, being applied a sociodemographic questionnaire, Emotion Regulation Questionnaire (ERQ), Subjective Happiness Scale (SHS) and Meaning of Life Questionnaire (MLQ) through an online platform. Descriptive and inferential analyses were performed using the JASP software. The results indicated positive associations between the cognitive reassessment strategy and the presence of subjective happiness and meaning of life, while the strategy of emotional suppression negatively interfered. Cognitive change was an emotion regulation strategy that proved effective, both in the reassessment of the situation and in the ability to manage the demands arising from the pandemic.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Author Biographies

Natália Helem de Almeida Cunha, Universidade do Estado da Bahia

Graduanda em Psicologia by Universidade do Estado da Bahia, Salvador-BA, Brazil.

Camila Barreto Bonfim, Universidade do Estado da Bahia

Professor of the Universidade do Estado da Bahia, Salvador-BA, Brazil.

Cassio Santos-Lima, Escola Bahiana de Medicina e Saúde Pública

Professor of the Escola Bahiana de Medicina e Saúde Pública, Salvador-BA, Brazil.

Gustavo Marcelino Siquara, Escola Bahiana de Medicina e Saúde Pública

Professor of the Escola Bahiana de Medicina e Saúde Pública, Salvador-BA, Brazil, and of the Universidade Estadual de Feira de Santana, Feira de Santana-BA, Brazil.

References

Bao, Y., Sun, Y., Meng, S., Shi, J., & Lu, L. (2020). 2019-nCoV epidemic: Address mental health care to empower society. The Lancet, 395(10224), 37-38. doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(20)30309-3

Bezerra, M. L. O., Siquara, G. M., & Abreu, J. N. S. (2018). Relação entre os pensamentos ruminativos e índices de ansiedade e depressão em estudantes de psicologia [Comparison between ruminative thoughts and indexes of anxiety and depression in psychology students]. Revista Psicologia, Diversidade e Saúde, 7(2), 235-244. doi:10.17267/2317-3394rpds.v7i2.1906

Boian, A. C., Soares, D. S. M., & Lima, J. (2009). Questionário de Regulação Emocional de J. Gross & O. John (2003): Adaptado para a população brasileira [Emotional Regulation Questionnaire: Adapted to Brazilian population]. Retrieved from https://spl.stanford.edu/sites/g/files/sbiybj19321/files/media/file/portuguese_brazilian.pdf

Bonanno, G. A., Papa, A., Lalande, K., Westphal, M., & Coifman, K. (2004). The importance of being flexible: The ability to both enhance and suppress emotional expression predicts long-term adjustment. Psychological Science, 15(7), 482-487. doi:10.1111/j.0956-7976.2004.00705.x

Camalionte, L. G., & Boccalandro, M. P. R. (2017). Felicidade e bem-estar na visão da psicologia positiva [Happiness and well-being according to the positive psychology]. Boletim – Academia Paulista de Psicologia, 37(93), 206-227. Retrieved from http://pepsic.bvsalud.org/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1415-711X2017000200004&lng=pt&tlng=pt

Damásio, B. F., Koller, S. H., & Schnell, T. (2013). Sources of Meaning and Meaning in Life Questionnaire (SoMe): Psychometric properties and sociodemographic findings in a large Brazilian sample. Acta de Investigación Psicológica, 3(3), 1205-1228. doi:10.1016/S2007-4719(13)70961-X

Damásio, B. F., Zanon, C., & Koller, S. H. (2014). Validation and psychometric properties of the Brazilian version of the Subjective Happiness Scale. Universitas Psychologica, 13(1), 17-24. doi:10.11144/Javeriana.UPSY13-1.vppb

Gross, J. J. (2015). Handbook of emotion regulation (2nd ed.). New York, NY: Guilford.

Gross, J. J., & John, O. P. (1998). Mapping the domain of emotional expressivity: Multimethod evidence for a hierarchical model. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 74(1), 170-191. doi:10.1037//0022-3514.74.1.170

Gross, J. J., & John, O. P. (2003). Individual differences in two emotion regulation processes: Implications for affect, relationships, and well-being. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 85(2), 348-362. doi:10.1037/0022-3514.85.2.348

Leahy, R. L., Tirch, D., & Napolitano, L. A. (2013). Regulação Emocional em Psicoterapia: Um guia para o terapeuta cognitivo-comportamental [Emotion Regulation in Psychotherapy: A practitioner’s guide] (I. H. Oliveira, Trans.). Porto Alegre, RS: Artmed.

Morales, V., & Lopez, Y. A. (2020). Impactos da Pandemia na vida académica dos estudantes universitários [Impacts of the Pandemic on the academic life of university students]. Revista Angolana de Extensão Universitária, 2(2), 53-67. Retrieved from https://www.portalpensador.com/index.php/RAEU-BENGO/article/view/205

Ong, E., & Thompson, C. (2019). The importance of coping and emotion regulation in the occurrence of suicidal behavior. Psychological Reports, 122(4), 1192-1210. doi:10.1177/0033294118781855

Pellisson, S., & Boruchovitch, E. (2022). Estratégias de regulação emocional de estudantes universitários: Uma revisão sistemática da literatura [Emotion regulation strategies for university students: A systematic literature review]. Educação & Formação, 7(1), e7152. doi:10.25053/redufor.v7i1.7152

Restubog, S. L. D., Ocampo, A. C. G., & Wang, L. (2020). Taking control amidst the chaos: Emotion regulation during the COVID-19 pandemic. Journal of Vocation Behavior, 119, 103440. doi:10.1016/j.jvb.2020.103440

Schudy, A., Zurek, K., Wiśniewska, M., Piejka, A., Gawęda, L., & Okruszek, L. (2020). Mental well-being during Pandemic: The role of cognitive biases and emotion regulation strategies in risk perception and affective response to COVID-19. Frontiers in Psychiatry, 11, 589973. doi:10.3389/fpsyt.2020.589973

Sheldon, K. M., & Lyubomirsky, S. (2021). Revisiting the sustainable happiness model and pie chart: Can happiness be successfully pursued? The Journal of Positive Psychology, 16(2), 145-154. doi:10.1080/17439760.2019.1689421

Weide, J. N., Vicentini, E. C. C., Araujo, M. F., Machado, W. L., & Enumo, S. R. F. (2020). Cartilha para enfrentamento do estresse em tempos de pandemia [Primer for coping with stress in times of pandemic]. Porto Alegre, RS: PUC-RS; Campinas, SP: PUC-Campinas. Retrieved from https://www.puc-campinas.edu.br/wp-content/uploads/2020/04/cartilha-enfrentamento-do-estresse.pdf.pdf

Wolgast, M., & Lundh, L. G. (2017). Is distraction an adaptive or maladaptive strategy for emotion regulation? A person-oriented approach. Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment, 39(1), 117-127. doi:10.1007/s10862-016-9570-x

Zanon, C., Dellazzana-Zanon, L. L., Wechsler, S. M., Fabretti, R. R., & Rocha, K. N. (2020). COVID-19: Implicações e aplicações da Psicologia Positiva em tempos de pandemia [COVID-19: Implications and applications of Positive Psychology in times of pandemic]. Estudos de Psicologia (Campinas), 37, e200072. doi:10.1590/1982-0275202037e200072

Downloads

Published

2022-06-29

How to Cite

Cunha, N. H. de A., Bonfim, C. B., Santos-Lima, C., & Siquara, G. M. (2022). Emotion regulation, subjective happiness and meaning of life of university students in the pandemic. Paidéia (Ribeirão Preto), 32, e3219. https://doi.org/10.1590/1982-4327e3219

Issue

Section

Developmental Psychology