Spatiotemporal ecology of two Neotropical herbivorous mammals

  • Douglas de Matos Dias Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais (UFMG), Instituto de Ciências Biológicas (ICB), Departamento de Biologia Geral (DBG), Programa de Pós-Graduação em Ecologia, Conservação e Manejo da Vida Silvestre - Belo Horizonte, MG, Brasil. https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9664-860X
  • Meyline de Oliveira Souza Almeida Instituto Federal de Educação, Ciência e Tecnologia de Sergipe (IFS) - São Cristóvão, SE, Brasil. https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6612-1855
  • Talita Guimarães de Araújo-Piovezan Instituto Federal de Educação, Ciência e Tecnologia de Sergipe (IFS) - São Cristóvão, SE, Brasil. https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9943-4332
  • José Oliveira Dantas Instituto Federal de Educação, Ciência e Tecnologia de Sergipe (IFS) - São Cristóvão, SE, Brasil. https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2023-5531
Keywords: Cuniculus paca, Sylvilagus brasiliensis, Agroforestry mosaic, Distribution patterns, Activity patterns

Abstract

On this study, we used camera traps in a Semi deciduous Seasonal Forest, northeast of Brazil, to estimate the frequencies of occurrence of two Neotropical herbivorous mammals: the spotted paca (Cuniculus paca) and the tapeti (Sylvilagus brasiliensis), analyzing their seasonal variations of spatial distribution. We also characterized the activity pattern of the species and their seasonal variation. The herbivorous frequencies of occurrence were constant during all the seasons. In general, both species were mostly active at night. However, between the rainy and dry season, we identified differences in spotted paca activity peaks. Here we present one of the first studies on the tapeti, whose ecology is understudied. Our results also show a general view of the spotted paca and tapeti behavior strategies to seasonal variations. Due to the scarce food resource in the dry season, possibly these herbivorous need to search for different kinds of food available IFS around.

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Author Biographies

Douglas de Matos Dias, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais (UFMG), Instituto de Ciências Biológicas (ICB), Departamento de Biologia Geral (DBG), Programa de Pós-Graduação em Ecologia, Conservação e Manejo da Vida Silvestre - Belo Horizonte, MG, Brasil.

Avenida Presidente Antônio Carlos, 6.627, Pampulha, CEP 31270-901, Belo Horizonte, MG, Brasil.

Meyline de Oliveira Souza Almeida, Instituto Federal de Educação, Ciência e Tecnologia de Sergipe (IFS) - São Cristóvão, SE, Brasil.

Campus São Cristóvão, BR-101, km 96, s/nº, Povoado Quissamã, CEP 49100-000, São Cristóvão, SE, Brasil.

Talita Guimarães de Araújo-Piovezan, Instituto Federal de Educação, Ciência e Tecnologia de Sergipe (IFS) - São Cristóvão, SE, Brasil.

Campus São Cristóvão, BR-101, km 96, s/nº, Povoado Quissamã, CEP 49100-000, São Cristóvão, SE, Brasil.

José Oliveira Dantas, Instituto Federal de Educação, Ciência e Tecnologia de Sergipe (IFS) - São Cristóvão, SE, Brasil.

Campus São Cristóvão, BR-101, km 96, s/nº, Povoado Quissamã, CEP 49100-000, São Cristóvão, SE, Brasil.

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Published
2019-04-03
How to Cite
Dias, D., Almeida, M., Araújo-Piovezan, T., & Dantas, J. (2019). Spatiotemporal ecology of two Neotropical herbivorous mammals. Papéis Avulsos De Zoologia, 59, e20195910. https://doi.org/10.11606/1807-0205/2019.59.10
Section
Original Article

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