Run to the nest: A parody on the Iron Maiden song by Corotoca spp. (Coleoptera, Staphylinidae)

Keywords: Passive dispersal, Termite, Rove beetle, Termitophily

Abstract

Rove beetles belonging to the genus Corotoca (Staphylinidae: Aleocharinae) are termitophiles exclusively found in nests of Constrictotermes (Isoptera: Termitidae). We observed the reproductive behavior of Corotoca melantho and C. fontesi during host (C. cyphergaster) foraging events. The reproductive behaviors of both species are similar. The variables collected for analysis were distance traveled, the time of larval deposition, nest return time, and locomotion speed. The fact that the female stops in the middle of the foraging trail to deposit the larva leads to a discussion of how its physiological or voluntary mechanisms function to determine the correct stopping time and the importance of speed when returning to the nest as a strategy to avoid predation. This study provides new information concerning the life cycle of Corotoca spp., although complete understanding of host-termitophile relationships, their evolutionary history, and the significance of viviparity will require additional studies.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Author Biographies

Igor Eloi Moreira, Universidade Estadual da Paraíba (UEPB), Departamento de Biologia (DEPBIO), Laboratório de Ecologia de Térmitas - Campina Grande, PB, Brasil.

Rua Baraúnas, 351, Universitário, CEP 58429‑500, Campina Grande, PB, Brasil.
Undergraduate Student in State University of Paraiba

Carlos Moreno Pires-Silva, Universidade Estadual da Paraíba (UEPB), Departamento de Biologia (DEPBIO), Laboratório de Ecologia de Térmitas - Campina Grande, PB, Brasil.

Rua Baraúnas, 351, Universitário, CEP 58429‑500, Campina Grande, PB, Brasil.
Undergraduate Student in State University of Paraiba

Kézia Gomes Ribeiro, Universidade Estadual da Paraíba (UEPB), Departamento de Biologia (DEPBIO), Laboratório de Ecologia de Térmitas - Campina Grande, PB, Brasil.

Rua Baraúnas, 351, Universitário, CEP 58429‑500, Campina Grande, PB, Brasil.
Undergraduate student at State University of Paraiba.

Bruno Zilberman, Universidade de São Paulo (USP), Museu de Zoologia (MZUSP) - São Paulo, SP, Brasil.

Avenida Nazaré, 481, Ipiranga, CEP 04263‑000, São Paulo, SP, Brasil.
Master degree in Taxonomy and Systematics from the Zoology Museum of the University of São Paulo.

Maria Avany Bezerra-Gusmão, Universidade Estadual da Paraíba (UEPB), Departamento de Biologia (DEPBIO), Laboratório de Ecologia de Térmitas - Campina Grande, PB, Brasil.

Rua Baraúnas, 351, Universitário, CEP 58429‑500, Campina Grande, PB, Brasil.
Professor at the Biology departament in State University of Paraiba. 

References

Barbosa, M.; De Lima, I.; Roberto Lima, J.; Pessoa Cunha, J.; Agra, M. & Thomas, W. 2007. Vegetação e Flora no Cariri Paraibano. Oecologia Brasiliensis, 11: 313‑322. http://doi.org/10.4257/oeco.2007.1103.01

Bucher, E.H. 1982. Chaco and Caatinga – South American Arid Savannas, Woodlands and Thickets. In: Huntley, B.J. & Walker, B.H. (Eds.). Ecology of Tropical Savannas, Ecological Studies. Berlin, Springer p. 48‑79. (Ecological Studies, n. 42),

Cai, C.; Huang, D.; Newton, A.F.; Eldredge, K.T. & Engel, M.S. 2017. Early evolution of specialized termitophily in Cretaceous Rove Beetles. Current Biology, 27: 1229‑1235. http://doi.org/10.1016/j.cub.2017.03.009

Cohen, M. & Duqué, G. 2001. Les deux visages du Sertão: stratégies paysannes face aux sécheresses (Nordeste du Brésil). Paris, IRD Editions. 390p.

Cristaldo, P.F.; Rosa, C.S.; Florencio, D.F.; Marins, A. & DeSouza, O. 2012. Termitarium volume as a determinant of invasion by obligatory termitophiles and inquilines in the nests of Constrictotermes cyphergaster (Termitidae, Nasutitermitinae). Insectes Sociaux, 59: 541‑548.

Cunha, H.F. da; Lima, J.S.; Souza, L.F. de; Santos, L.G.A. dos & Nabout, J.C. 2015. No Morphometric distinction between the host Constrictotermes cyphergaster (Silvestri) (Isoptera: Termitidae, Nasutitermitinae) and its obligatory Termitophile Corotoca melantho Schiødte (Coleoptera: Staphylinidae). Sociobiology, 62(1): 65‑69.

Cunha, H.F.; Costa, D.A. & Brandão, D. 2006. Termite (Isoptera) assemblages in some regions of the Goiás State, Brazil. Sociobiology, 47: 505‑517.

Czaczkes, T.J.; Grüter, C. & Ratnieks, F.L.W. 2015. Trail Pheromones: An Integrative View of Their Role in Social Insect Colony Organization. Annual Review of Entomology, 60: 581‑599.

Eisenmann, E. 1961. Favorite Foods of Neotropical Birds: Flying Termites and Cecropia Catkins. The Auk, 78: 636‑638. http://doi.org/10.2307/4082198

Grassé, P.‑P. 1997. Termitologia Tome 3: Comportement, socialité, écologie, évolution, systématique. Paris, Elsevier Masson.

Green, A.J. & Sánchez, M.I. 2006. Passive internal dispersal of insect larvae by migratory birds. Biology Letters, 2: 55‑57. http://doi.org/10.1098/rsbl.2005.0413

Hamilton, W.D. 1971. Geometry for the selfish herd. Journal Theoretical Biology, 31: 295‑311.

Hölldobler, B. 1971. Communication between Ants and Their Guests. Scientific American, 224: 86‑93. http://doi.org/10.1038/scientificamerican0371-86

Ikeda, H.; Nishikawa, M. & Sota, T. 2012. Loss of flight promotes beetle diversification. Nature Communications, 3: 648. http://doi.org/10.1038/ncomms1659

Jacobson, H.; Kistner, D. & Pasteels, J.M. 1986. Generic Revision, Phylogenetic Classification, and Phylogeny of the Termiophilous Tribe Corotocini (Coleoptera: Staphylinidae). Sociobiology, 12: 1‑239.

Kanao, T.; Eldredge, K. & Maruyama, M. 2016. A defensive body plan was pre-adaptive for termitophily in the rove beetle tribe Termitohospitini (Staphylinidae: Aleocharinae). BioRxiv, 083881. http://doi.org/10.1101/083881

Kistner, D.H. 1969. The Biology of Termitophiles. In: Krishna, K. & Weesner, F.M. The Biology of Termites. New York, Academic Press. p. 525‑557.

Magnhagen, C. 1991. Predation risk as a cost of reproduction. Trends in Ecology & Evolution, 6: 183‑186. http://doi.org/10.1016/0169-5347(91)90210-O

Mcmanus, M.L. & Mason, C.J. 1983. Determination of the Settling Velocity and Its Significance to Larval Dispersal of the Gypsy Moth (Lepidoptera: Lymantriidae). Environmental Entomology, 12: 270‑272. http://doi.org/10.1093/ee/12.1.270

Moura, F.M.S.; Vasconcellos, A.; Araújo, V.F.P. & Bandeira, A.G. 2006. Seasonality in foraging behaviour of Constrictotermes cyphergaster (Termitidae, Nasutitermitinae) in the Caatinga of Northeastern Brazil. Insectes Sociaux, 53: 472‑479. http://doi.org/10.1007/s00040-005-0899-0

Oliveira, M.H. de; Vieira, R.V. da S.; Moreira, I.E.; Pires-Silva, C.M.; Lima, H.V.G. de; Andrade, M.R. de L. & Bezerra-Gusmão, M.A. 2018. “The road to reproduction”: foraging trails of Constrictotermes cyphergaster (Termitidae: Nasutitermitinae) as maternities for Staphylinidae beetles. Sociobiology, 65: 531‑533. http://doi.org/10.13102/sociobiology.v65i3.2902

Quinet, Y. & Pasteels, J.M. 1995. Trail following and stowaway behaviour of the myrmecophilous staphylinid beetle, Homoeusa acuminata, during foraging trips of its host Lasius fuliginosus (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Insectes Sociaux, 42: 31‑44. http://doi.org/10.1007/BF01245697

Rosa, C.S.; Cristaldo, P.F.; Florencio, D.F.; Marins, A.; Lima, E.R. & DeSouza, O. 2018. On the chemical disguise of a physogastric Termitophilous Rove Beetle. Sociobiology, 65: 38‑47. http://doi.org/10.13102/sociobiology.v65i1.1942

Schiødte, J.M. 1853. On some Staphylinidae, found in the nests of termites. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London, 21: 101‑103.

Seevers, C.H. 1957. A Monograph on the Termitophilous Staphylinidae (Coleoptera). Fieldiana Zoology, 40: 1‑334.

Sheppe, W. 1970. Invertebrate predation on termites of the African Savanna. Insectes Sociaux, 17: 205‑218. http://doi.org/10.1007/BF02226194

Strathmann, R.R. 1990. Why Life Histories Evolve Differently in the Sea. Integrative and Comparative Biology, 30: 197‑207. http://doi.org/10.1093/icb/30.1.197

Vasconcellos, A.; Bandeira, A.G.; Moura, F.M.; Araujo, V.F.; Gusmao, M.A. & Constantino, R. 2010. Termite assemblages in three habitats under different disturbance regimes in the semi-arid Caatinga of NE Brazil. Journal of Arid Environments, 74: 298‑302.

Zilberman, B. 2018a. New species and synonymy in the genus Corotoca Schiødte, 1853 (Coleoptera, Aleocharinae, Corotocini). Zootaxa, 4434: 547‑560. http://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4434.3.9

Zilberman, B. 2018b. Revisão taxonômica e análise cladística do gênero Corotoca Schiodte 1853 (Coleoptera, Staphylinidae, Aleocharinae, Corotocini) (Master Dissertation). Universidade de São Paulo, São Paulo. http://www.teses.usp.br/teses/disponiveis/38/38131/tde-04102018-163811/pt-br.php.

Published
2019-04-03
How to Cite
Moreira, I., Pires-Silva, C., Ribeiro, K., Zilberman, B., & Bezerra-Gusmão, M. (2019). Run to the nest: A parody on the Iron Maiden song by Corotoca spp. (Coleoptera, Staphylinidae). Papéis Avulsos De Zoologia, 59, e20195918. https://doi.org/10.11606/1807-0205/2019.59.18
Section
Original Article

Most read articles by the same author(s)