Surveys of the bee (Hymenoptera: Apiformes) community in a Neotropical savanna using pan traps

  • Thaís Andrade Viana Universidade Federal dos Vales do Jequitinhonha e Mucuri (UFVJM), Faculdade de Ciências Biológicas e da Saúde (FCBS), Departamento de Ciências Biológicas (DCBIO) - Diamantina, MG, Brasil; Universidade Federal de Viçosa (UFV), Departamento de Entomologia (DDE) - Viçosa, MG, Brasil. http://orcid.org/0000-0001-8794-9275
  • Anete Pedro Lourenço Universidade Federal dos Vales do Jequitinhonha e Mucuri (UFVJM), Faculdade de Ciências Biológicas e da Saúde (FCBS), Departamento de Ciências Biológicas (DCBIO) - Diamantina, MG, Brasil. http://orcid.org/0000-0001-6929-7277
Keywords: Callonychium, Dialictus, Wild bees, Cerrado, South America

Abstract

Bee populations are declining because of various synergistic threats, and therefore bee survey and monitoring programs are needed. Several techniques have been developed to survey bees, but the most cost-effective and suitable methods to sample bees in several sites at the same time are passive approaches, such as methods involving colored pan traps (also known as Moericke or bowl traps). Several bee surveys using pan traps have been conducted in North America, Europe, and Australia, but only a few such surveys have been done in tropical regions. We used colored pan traps (blue, yellow, and white) to assess the bee community in the Brazilian savanna ecosystem in Rio Preto State Park. Sampling was conducted in October 2013 and March 2014 along permanent trails. We also characterized the local habitat of each trail, and then we compared bee abundance with habitat complexity. In total, 187 individual bees (n = 15 species) were collected, mainly using blue and white traps. Although we were not able to sample most species that were previously recorded in this park, the pan trap method can be used to survey and monitor bee assemblages in combination with another sampling method. Habitat complexity also affected the numbers of bees sampled using the pan traps, and more bees were collected at open sites.

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Author Biographies

Thaís Andrade Viana, Universidade Federal dos Vales do Jequitinhonha e Mucuri (UFVJM), Faculdade de Ciências Biológicas e da Saúde (FCBS), Departamento de Ciências Biológicas (DCBIO) - Diamantina, MG, Brasil; Universidade Federal de Viçosa (UFV), Departamento de Entomologia (DDE) - Viçosa, MG, Brasil.

Campus JK, Rodovia MGT 367, km 583, 5.000, Alto da Jacuba, CEP 39100-000, Diamantina, MG, Brasil.
Avenida Peter Henry Rolfs, s/nº, Campus Universitário, CEP 36570-900, Viçosa, MG, Brasil.

Anete Pedro Lourenço, Universidade Federal dos Vales do Jequitinhonha e Mucuri (UFVJM), Faculdade de Ciências Biológicas e da Saúde (FCBS), Departamento de Ciências Biológicas (DCBIO) - Diamantina, MG, Brasil.

Campus JK, Rodovia MGT 367, km 583, 5.000, Alto da Jacuba, CEP 39100-000, Diamantina, MG, Brasil.

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Published
2020-07-16
How to Cite
Viana, T., & Lourenço, A. P. (2020). Surveys of the bee (Hymenoptera: Apiformes) community in a Neotropical savanna using pan traps. Papéis Avulsos De Zoologia, 60, e20206031. https://doi.org/10.11606/1807-0205/2020.60.31
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Original Article

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