First record of the Mediterranean mussel Mytilus galloprovincialis (Bivalvia, Mytilidae) in Brazil

  • Carlos Eduardo Belz Universidade Federal do Paraná (UFPR), Centro de Estudos do Mar (CEM), Laboratório de Ecologia Aplicada e Bioinvasões (LEBIO) - Pontal do Paraná, PR, Brasil. http://orcid.org/0000-0002-2381-8185
  • Luiz Ricardo L. de Simone Universidade de São Paulo (USP), Museu de Zoologia (MZUSP) - São Paulo, SP, Brasil. http://orcid.org/0000-0002-1397-9823
  • Nelson Silveira Júnior Nixxen Comercio de Frutos do Mar LTDA - Florianópolis, SC, Brasil. http://orcid.org/0000-0001-8037-5141
  • Rafael Antunes Baggio Universidade Federal do Paraná (UFPR), Departamento de Zoologia (DZOO), Laboratório de Ecologia Molecular e Parasitologia Evolutiva (LEMPE) - Curitiba, PR, Brasil. http://orcid.org/0000-0001-8307-1426
  • Marcos de Vasconcellos Gernet Universidade Federal do Paraná (UFPR), Centro de Estudos do Mar (CEM), Laboratório de Ecologia Aplicada e Bioinvasões (LEBIO) - Pontal do Paraná, PR, Brasil. http://orcid.org/0000-0001-5116-5719
  • Carlos João Birckolz Universidade Federal do Paraná (UFPR), Centro de Estudos do Mar (CEM), Laboratório de Ecologia Aplicada e Bioinvasões (LEBIO) - Pontal do Paraná, PR, Brasil. http://orcid.org/0000-0002-7896-1018
Keywords: Mediterranean mussel, Mytilus galloprovincialis, Brazilian coast, First record, Santa Catarina

Abstract

The genus Mytilus comprises a large number of bivalve mollusk species distributed throughout the world and many of these species are considered invasive. In South America, many introductions of species of this genus have already taken place, including reports of hybridization between them. Now, the occurrence of the Mediterranean mussel Mytilus galloprovincialis is reported for the first time from the Brazilian coast. Several specimens of this mytilid were found in a shellfish growing areas in Florianópolis and Palhoça, Santa Catarina State, Brazil. Morphological analysis of the shells and molecular analysis through sequencing of the cytochrome oxidase subunit 1 (COI) confirmed the taxonomic identification. The species is known for its great invasive potential and can become a major environmental problem for seafood business and coastal communities, as it can compete and even hybridize with local species.

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Author Biographies

Carlos Eduardo Belz, Universidade Federal do Paraná (UFPR), Centro de Estudos do Mar (CEM), Laboratório de Ecologia Aplicada e Bioinvasões (LEBIO) - Pontal do Paraná, PR, Brasil.

Rua Rio Grande do Norte, 145, Mirassol, CEP 83255‑000, Pontal do Paraná, PR, Brasil.

Luiz Ricardo L. de Simone, Universidade de São Paulo (USP), Museu de Zoologia (MZUSP) - São Paulo, SP, Brasil.

Avenida Nazaré, 481, Ipiranga, CEP 04263‑000, São Paulo, SP, Brasil.

Nelson Silveira Júnior, Nixxen Comercio de Frutos do Mar LTDA - Florianópolis, SC, Brasil.

Servidão Vila Harmonia, 291, Campeche, CEP 88063‑500, Florianópolis, SC, Brasil.

Rafael Antunes Baggio, Universidade Federal do Paraná (UFPR), Departamento de Zoologia (DZOO), Laboratório de Ecologia Molecular e Parasitologia Evolutiva (LEMPE) - Curitiba, PR, Brasil.

Avenida Coronel Francisco Heráclito dos Santos, 100, Jardim das Américas, CEP 81531‑980, Curitiba, PR, Brasil.

Marcos de Vasconcellos Gernet, Universidade Federal do Paraná (UFPR), Centro de Estudos do Mar (CEM), Laboratório de Ecologia Aplicada e Bioinvasões (LEBIO) - Pontal do Paraná, PR, Brasil.

Rua Rio Grande do Norte, 145, Mirassol, CEP 83255‑000, Pontal do Paraná, PR, Brasil.

Carlos João Birckolz, Universidade Federal do Paraná (UFPR), Centro de Estudos do Mar (CEM), Laboratório de Ecologia Aplicada e Bioinvasões (LEBIO) - Pontal do Paraná, PR, Brasil.

Rua Rio Grande do Norte, 145, Mirassol, CEP 83255‑000, Pontal do Paraná, PR, Brasil.

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Published
2020-01-31
How to Cite
Belz, C. E., Simone, L. R., Silveira Júnior, N., Baggio, R., Gernet, M., & Birckolz, C. J. (2020). First record of the Mediterranean mussel Mytilus galloprovincialis (Bivalvia, Mytilidae) in Brazil. Papéis Avulsos De Zoologia, 60, e20206007. https://doi.org/10.11606/1807-0205/2020.60.07
Section
Original Article

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