Morphology and life cycle of a new species of Psilocladus Blanchard, 1846 (Coleoptera, Lampyridae, Psilocladinae), the first known bromeliad-inhabiting firefly

Authors

  • Stephanie Vaz Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro (UFRJ), Instituto de Biologia (IB), Departamento de Zoologia, Laboratório de Polychaeta - Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brasil. Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro (UFRJ), Instituto de Biologia (IB), Departamento de Ecologia, Laboratório de Ecologia de Insetos - Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brasil. http://orcid.org/0000-0002-2616-640X
  • Luiz Felipe Lima da Silveira Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro (UFRJ), Instituto de Biologia (IB), Departamento de Ecologia, Laboratório de Ecologia de Insetos - Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brasil. Department of Biology - Cullowhee, United States. http://orcid.org/0000-0002-0648-3993
  • Simone Policena Rosa Universidade Federal de Itajubá (UNIFEI), Instituto de Recursos Naturais (IRN) - Itajubá, MG. Brasil. http://orcid.org/0000-0002-7499-9158

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.11606/1807-0205/2020.60.special-issue.24

Keywords:

Psilocladinae, Bromeliad, Immature beetles, Neotropical, Fireflies

Abstract

Fireflies (Coleoptera: Lampyridae) are soft-bodied beetles usually associated with mesic and hydric habitats. As such, terrestrial firefly larvae are commonly found in marshy environments and stream banks, while aquatic larvae might dwell in ponds, streams, mangroves, and even brackish water. Larval biology is especially important in fireflies, as the majority of species are extremely semelparous – that is, adults rely on resources gathered during larval stages. Despite their crucial relevance in firefly biology, larvae of only near 1% firefly species have been studied, and the majority of species remain known only from adult stages. That is especially true in the Neotropical region, where they are most diverse. Here, we describe Psilocladus costae sp. nov. after the study of adults and immature stages, the latter reported for the first time for the monotypic subfamily Psilocladinae McDermott, 1964. Interestingly, adults were first obtained by rearing the larvae, the former usually fly fairly high (ca. 10 m) and are therefore seldom collected at ground level by conventional methods (e.g., active search, Malaise traps). The new species is found in the Brazilian Atlantic Rainforest, inhabiting canopy bromeliads, an unprecedented habit for fireflies.

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Author Biographies

Stephanie Vaz, Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro (UFRJ), Instituto de Biologia (IB), Departamento de Zoologia, Laboratório de Polychaeta - Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brasil. Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro (UFRJ), Instituto de Biologia (IB), Departamento de Ecologia, Laboratório de Ecologia de Insetos - Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brasil.

Avenida Carlos Chagas Filho, 373, Bloco A, Sala 108, Cidade Universitária, 21941-971, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brasil.
Avenida Carlos Chagas Filho, 373, Bloco A, Sala 113, Cidade Universitária, 21941-971, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brasil.

Luiz Felipe Lima da Silveira, Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro (UFRJ), Instituto de Biologia (IB), Departamento de Ecologia, Laboratório de Ecologia de Insetos - Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brasil. Department of Biology - Cullowhee, United States.

Avenida Carlos Chagas Filho, 373, Bloco A, Sala 113, Cidade Universitária, 21941-971, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brasil.
Cullowhee, United States.

Simone Policena Rosa, Universidade Federal de Itajubá (UNIFEI), Instituto de Recursos Naturais (IRN) - Itajubá, MG. Brasil.

Avenida BPS, 1.303, Pinheirinho, CEP 37500-185, Itajubá, MG. Brasil.

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Published

2020-03-04

How to Cite

Vaz, S., da Silveira, L. F. L., & Rosa, S. P. (2020). Morphology and life cycle of a new species of Psilocladus Blanchard, 1846 (Coleoptera, Lampyridae, Psilocladinae), the first known bromeliad-inhabiting firefly. Papéis Avulsos De Zoologia, 60(special), e202060(s.i.).24. https://doi.org/10.11606/1807-0205/2020.60.special-issue.24

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