Life history traits of parental care in Crenicichla lepidota (Cichliformes, Geophagini) in the upper Paraguay River basin, Brazil

Authors

  • Matthijs Strietman Universidade Federal de Mato Grosso do Sul (UFMS), Instituto de Biociências (INBIO), Programa de Pós-Graduação em Biologia Animal (PPGBA) http://orcid.org/0000-0001-6014-6907
  • Douglas Alves Lopes Universidade Estadual Paulista “Júlio de Mesquita Filho” (UNESP), Instituto de Biociências, Letras e Ciências Exatas (IBILCE), Departamento de Zoologia e Botânica, Laboratório de Ictiologia, Programa de Pós-Graduação em Biologia Animal http://orcid.org/0000-0002-5607-3861
  • Thais Buzetti Barboza Universidade Federal de Mato Grosso do Sul (UFMS), Instituto de Biociências (INBIO), Programa de Pós-Graduação em Biologia Animal (PPGBA) http://orcid.org/0000-0001-8094-1959
  • Fernando Rogério de Carvalho Universidade Federal de Mato Grosso do Sul (UFMS), Instituto de Biociências (INBIO), Programa de Pós-Graduação em Biologia Animal (PPGBA) - Campo Grande, MS, Brasil; Universidade Estadual Paulista “Júlio de Mesquita Filho” (UNESP), Instituto de Biociências, Letras e Ciências Exatas (IBILCE), Departamento de Zoologia e Botânica, Laboratório de Ictiologia, Programa de Pós-Graduação em Biologia Animal http://orcid.org/0000-0002-2137-2255

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.11606/1807-0205/2021.61.03

Keywords:

Defence of offspring, Substrate guarding, Neotropical cichlids, Anti-predation defence

Abstract

During focal observations carried out in the Olho d’Água River, upper Paraguay River basin, Brazil, we registered the defensive behaviour of one pair of Crenicichla lepidota attempting to protect their offspring from conspecific and non-specific predators. Adults exhibited substrate-guarding behaviour and displayed primary and secondary anti-predation mechanisms. The primary mechanisms (e.g., fin flicking and flaring, gill extending) were ineffective against conspecific predators or against other species. Secondary mechanisms included charging would-be predators of the offspring, and this tactic was successful against non-specifics. This record confirms, in the wild, agonistic behaviour as an effective secondary defence mechanism used in parental care in Crenicichla lepidota.

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Author Biographies

Matthijs Strietman, Universidade Federal de Mato Grosso do Sul (UFMS), Instituto de Biociências (INBIO), Programa de Pós-Graduação em Biologia Animal (PPGBA)

Avenida Costa e Silva, s/nº, Universitário, CEP 79070-900, Campo Grande, MS, Brasil.

Douglas Alves Lopes, Universidade Estadual Paulista “Júlio de Mesquita Filho” (UNESP), Instituto de Biociências, Letras e Ciências Exatas (IBILCE), Departamento de Zoologia e Botânica, Laboratório de Ictiologia, Programa de Pós-Graduação em Biologia Animal

Rua Cristóvão Colombo, 2.265, Jardim Nazareth, CEP 15054-000, São José do Rio Preto, SP, Brasil.

Thais Buzetti Barboza, Universidade Federal de Mato Grosso do Sul (UFMS), Instituto de Biociências (INBIO), Programa de Pós-Graduação em Biologia Animal (PPGBA)

Avenida Costa e Silva, s/nº, Universitário, CEP 79070-900, Campo Grande, MS, Brasil.

Fernando Rogério de Carvalho, Universidade Federal de Mato Grosso do Sul (UFMS), Instituto de Biociências (INBIO), Programa de Pós-Graduação em Biologia Animal (PPGBA) - Campo Grande, MS, Brasil; Universidade Estadual Paulista “Júlio de Mesquita Filho” (UNESP), Instituto de Biociências, Letras e Ciências Exatas (IBILCE), Departamento de Zoologia e Botânica, Laboratório de Ictiologia, Programa de Pós-Graduação em Biologia Animal

Avenida Costa e Silva, s/nº, Universitário, CEP 79070-900, Campo Grande, MS, Brasil.
Rua Cristóvão Colombo, 2.265, Jardim Nazareth, CEP 15054-000, São José do Rio Preto, SP, Brasil.

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Published

2021-01-07

How to Cite

Strietman, M., Lopes, D. A., Barboza, T. B., & Carvalho, F. R. de. (2021). Life history traits of parental care in Crenicichla lepidota (Cichliformes, Geophagini) in the upper Paraguay River basin, Brazil. Papéis Avulsos De Zoologia, 61, e20216103. https://doi.org/10.11606/1807-0205/2021.61.03

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