Petróleo como alavanca para o desenvolvimento econômico

analisando oportunidades e desafios para a República Cooperativa da Guiana

Autores

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.11606/issn.1676-6288.prolam.2021.185406

Palavras-chave:

Guiana, Petróleo e Gás Natural, Capacidade Institucional, Desenvolvimento Econômico

Resumo

O artigo analisa as oportunidades para o desenvolvimento econômico da Guiana a partir do auge de sua indústria petrolífera. Para tanto, foi realizada uma revisão da literatura sobre desenvolvimento econômico em países ricos em recursos naturais. Em seguida, foi analisada a experiência guianense desde a descoberta de recursos no bloco Stabroek e os planos do governo para promover a diversificação econômica do país. Com base no exposto, são discutidos os desafios que o país enfrenta para fazer um uso adequado desses recursos. Entre os resultados, o estudo mostra que, apesar do aumento da produção de petróleo colocar a Guiana entre as nações com maior crescimento econômico na próxima década, o país precisa superar desafios importantes em termos de capacidade institucional, capital humano e infraestrutura para garantir a utilização eficaz das riquezas oriundas da atividade petrolífera na promoção do desenvolvimento nacional.

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Biografia do Autor

William Adrian Clavijo Vitto, Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro

Doutor em Politicas Públicas, Estrategias e Desenvolvimento pela Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro. Bolsista de Pós-doutorado do Programa de Formação de Recursos Humanos da Agencia Nacional de Petróleo, Gas Natural e Biocombustíveis (PRH-ANP). E-mail: William.clavijo1990@gmail.com; William.vitto@pped.ie.ufrj.br.

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Publicado

2021-12-30

Como Citar

Clavijo Vitto, W. A. (2021). Petróleo como alavanca para o desenvolvimento econômico: analisando oportunidades e desafios para a República Cooperativa da Guiana. Brazilian Journal of Latin American Studies, 20(41), 49-77. https://doi.org/10.11606/issn.1676-6288.prolam.2021.185406

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