The process of opening innovation networks: open innovation at Embrapa Florestas

Autores

  • Filipe Carvalho Vieira Administração, Universidade Estadual do Paraná - Campus de Paranaguá, Paranaguá
  • Leandro R.C. Bonfim Administração, Universidade Estadual do Paraná - Campus de Paranaguá, Paranaguá
  • Aline Cristina da Cruz Ciências Econômicas, Universidade Federal de São Joao Del-Rei, São João Del Rei

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.1108/INMR-05-2020-0057

Palavras-chave:

Open innovation network, Public research institutes, Open innovation, Forestry sector

Resumo

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to map the process of opening an innovation network in the context of the Brazilian agroforestry sector.

Design/methodology/approach – Qualitative case study of the open innovation network Embrapa Florestas (17 semi-structured interviews, observation and documentary data). Social network analysis (SNA) of the open innovation network from primary data is available at Embrapa Florestas’ system.

Findings – Three primary triggers to the opening process of Embrapa Florestas’ innovation network were identified. The process starts with an innovation network with closed network characteristics. The process of opening the innovation network is motivated by a restructuring in its source of fundraising (trigger 1), by the change in strategic orientation toward the internationalization of its network activities (trigger 2) and by opening the black box of its innovation with greater proximity to the productive sector and partner universities (trigger 3). Comparing the pre-opening and post-opening networks (open innovation network), sociometric data allows us to verify that the opening of the innovation network presents better density, clustering and centrality indexes for the network as a whole and for the Embrapa Florestas specifically.

Originality/value – This is one of the first studies that aims to investigate the transition from a closed innovation network to an open innovation network by a public research institute. It may also be considered innovative because it presents practical and managerial relevance – in addition to contributions to public policy makers – which allows for improvements in the development of innovation and technology in the country’s strategic sectors.

Downloads

Não há dados estatísticos.

Referências

Ahuja, G. (2000). “Collaboration networks, structural holes, and innovation: A longitudinal study”. Administrative Science Quarterly, Vol.45, No.3, pp. 425-455.

Bandeira-de-Mello, R. (2006),”software in qualitative research". In: Godoi, C. K., Bandeira-de-Mello, R., E Silva, A. B. Pesquisa Qualitativa em Estudos Organizacionais: paradigmas, estratégias e métodos, Saraiva, São Paulo, pp. 429-457.

Bardin, L. (2011), Análise de conteúdo, Edições 70, Lisboa.

Bonfim, L.R.C., Goncalves, S.A., e Segatto, A.P. (2018) “Estrutura e dinâmica em redes interorganizacionais: estudo de caso da rede de inovação da Fiocruz Paraná”, Revista Gestão & Tecnologia, Vol.18, No.3, pp. 90-111.

Bonfim, L. R. C., Gonçalves, S. A., Segatto, A. P., and Jacometti, M. (2020). “The Idea Innovation Network model: The Case of the INDI-Saúde network in Brazil”, International Journal of Business Innovation and Research, Vol.23, No.2, pp. 250-266

Bonfim, L.R.C., Segatto, A.P., e Goncalves, S.A. (2018), “A conical-helix model of technology transfer and public-private partnerships for technological development in Brazilian public health”, Technology in Society, Vol.53, pp. 110-123.

Brown, R., and Mason, C. (2014). “Inside the high-tech black box: A critique of technology entrepreneurship policy”. Technovation, Vol.34, No.12, pp. 773-784.

Burt, R. S. (2004). “Structural holes and good ideas”. “American Journal of Sociology”, Vol.110, No.2, pp. 349-399.

Campos-Oliveira, X.L., Leon-Olave, M.E., Moreno, E.D., e Silva, G. (2020), “Open innovation in the semiconductor industry: analysis of Brazilian design houses, Innovation & Management Review, Vol.17, No.2, pp. 133-156.

Chagas, P.B. e Ichikawa, E.Y. (2009), “Redes de C&T em Institutos Públicos de Pesquisa brasileiros: o caso do Instituto Agronômico do Paraná (IAPAR)”, Revista de Administração Pública, Vol.43, No.1, pp. 93-121.

Chesbrough, H.W. (2003), “Open Innovation: The New Imperative for Creating and Profiting from Technology”, Harvard Business Press, Cambridge.

Chesbrough, H.W, Vanhaverbeke, W. e West, J. (2014). “New frontiers in open innovation”. Oxford University Press, Oxford.

Conejero, M.C., Calia, R.C., e Sauaia, A.C.A. (2015) “Redes de inovação e a difusão da tecnologia solar no Brasil”, Revista de Administração e Inovação, Vol.12, No.2, pp. 90-109.

Crespi, T.B., Rezende-da-Costa, P., Preusler, T.S., e Porto, G.S. (2019), “The alignment of organizational structure and R&D management in internationalized public company: The EMBRAPA case”, Innovation & Management Review, Vol.16, No.2, pp. 193-216.

Dias, C.N., Hoffmann, V.E., e Martínez-Fernandez, M.T. (2019), “Resource complementarities in R&D network for innovation performance: evidence from the agricultural sector in Brazil and Spain”, International Food and Agribusiness Management Review, Vol.22, No.2, pp. 193-213.

Dittrich, K. and Duysters, G. (2007). "Networking as a means to strategy change: the case of open innovation in mobile telephony”. Journal of Product Innovation Management, Vol.24, pp. 510-521.

Enkel, E. e Gassmann, O. (2010), “Creative imitation: exploring the case of cross‐industry innovation”, R&D Management, Vol.40, No.3, pp. 256-270.

Faccin, K. e Brand, F.C. (2015), “Inovação aberta e redes: enfoques, tendências e desafios”, Revista de Administração IMED, Vol.5, No.1, pp. 10-35.

Freitas, A.S., Filardi, F., Lott, A.C.O., e Braga, D. (2017), “Inovação aberta nas empresas brasileiras: uma análise da produção acadêmica no período de 2003 a 2016”, Revista Ibero-Americana de Estratégia, Vol.16, No.3, pp. 22-38,

Gascó, M. (2017), “Living labs: Implementing open innovation in the public sector”, Government Information Quarterly, Vol.34, No.1, pp. 90-98.

Greco, M., Grimaldi, M. e Cricelli, L. (2015), "Open innovation actions and innovation performance: A literature review of European empirical evidence", European Journal of Innovation Management, Vol.18, No.2, pp. 150-171.

Hage, J. e Hollingsworth, J.R. (2000) “A strategy for the analysis of idea innovation networks and institutions”, Organization Studies, Vol.21, pp. 971–1004.

Hage, J., Mote, J.E. e Jordan, G.B. (2013) “Ideas, innovations, and networks: a new policy model based on the evolution of knowledge”, Policy Sciences, Vol. 46, pp.199–216.

Hanneman, R.A. e Riddle, M. (2005), Introduction to social network methods, University of California, Riverside.

Hossain, M. e Kauranen, I. (2016), "Open innovation in SMEs: a systematic literature review", Journal of Strategy and Management, Vol.9, No.1, pp. 58-73.

Kankanhalli, A., Zuiderwijk, A., e Tayi, G.K. (2017), “Open innovation in the public sector: A research agenda”, Government Information Quarterly, Vol.34, No.1, pp. 84-89.

Laursen, K. e Salter, A. (2006) “Open for innovation: the role of openness in explaining innovation performance among UK manufacturing firms”, Strategic Management Journal, Vol.27, No.2, pp. 131-150.

Leminen, S., Nyström, A-G., Westerlund, M. (2020), “Change processes in open innovation networks – Exploring living labs”, Industrial Marketing Management, Vol.91, pp. 701-718.

Lichtenthaler, U. (2008), “Open innovation in practice: an analysis of strategic approaches to technology transactions”, IEEE Transactions on Engineering Management, Vol.55, No.1, pp. 148-157.

Lopes, M.A. e Monteiro, S. (2016), “Queremos mais inovação aberta”, Revista Conjuntura Econômica, Vol.70, No.5, pp. 16-21.

Loukis, E., Charalabidis, Y., e Androutsopoulou, A. (2017), “Promoting open innovation in the public sector through social media monitoring”, Government Information Quarterly, Vol.34, No.1, pp. 99-109.

Oliveira, A.L., Mesquita, D.L., Castro, C.C., e Sousa-Soares, A. (2012), “Redes de Inovação em Clusters: o local e o global na criação de vantagem competitiva”, Revista E-Tech: Tecnologias para Competitividade Industrial, Vol.5, No.1, pp. 01-15.

Puliga, G., Manzini, R., Lazzarotti, V., e Batistoni, P. (2020) “Successfully managing SMEs collaborations with public research institutes: the case of ITER fusion projects”, Innovation, Vol.22, No.4, pp. 353-376.

Randhawa, K., Wilden, R. and Hohberger, J. (2016), “A Bibliometric Review of Open Innovation: Setting a Research Agenda”, Journal of Product Innovation Managagement, Vol.33, pp. 750-772.

Ribeiro, V.C.S., Salles-Filho, S.L., e Bin, A. (2015), “Gestão de institutos públicos de pesquisa no Brasil: Limites do modelo jurídico”, Revista de Administração Pública, Vol.49, pp. 595–614.

Schillo, R.S. e Kinder, J.S. (2017), “Delivering on societal impacts through open innovation: a framework for government laboratories”, Journal of Technology Transfer, Vol.42, No.4, pp. 977-996.

Sucupira, G., Saab, F., Demo, G., e Bermejo, P.H. (2019), “Innovation in Public Administration: Itineraries of Brazilian Scientific Production and New Research Possibilities”, Innovation & Management Review, Vol.16, No.1, pp. 72-90.

Stal, E., Nohara, J. J., and Chagas-Jr., M. F. (2014). “Os conceitos da inovação aberta e o desempenho de empresas brasileiras inovadoras”, Innovation & Management Review, Vol.11, No.2, pp. 295-320.

Vieira, F.C., Vale, H.V., e May, M.R. (2018), “Open innovation and Business Model: Embrapa Forestry Case Study”, Revista de Administração Mackenzie, Vol.19, No.4, pp. eRAMR180011.

Yin, R. K. (2010), Estudo de caso: planejamento e métodos, 4ª ed, Bookman, Porto Alegre.

Downloads

Publicado

2022-04-27

Como Citar

Vieira, F. C., Bonfim, L. R., & Cruz, A. C. da . (2022). The process of opening innovation networks: open innovation at Embrapa Florestas. INMR - Innovation & Management Review, 19(2), 123-139. https://doi.org/10.1108/INMR-05-2020-0057

Edição

Seção

Artigos