Do HRM practices facilitate innovation? A qualitative study in a developing country
Palavras-chave:Human resource management practices, Innovation, Public service, Developing country
Purpose – The purpose of this study is to examine the implementation of human resource management (HRM)
practices that facilitate innovation in the public sector in a developing country.
Design/methodology/approach – Qualitative method was engaged whereby a semi-structured interview
was conducted to get the responses of two groups of employees which are top management and executive in
two types of public organizations which are awarded and non-awarded. The collected data was later analyzed
Findings – The results show that there are differences and similarities among the public agencies in terms of
their implementation of HRM practices that facilitate innovation. Apparently, the awarded public agencies do
follow HRM practices that really facilitate innovation such as local training, provide more types of rewards to
their employees and set a higher minimum level of innovation in their performance evaluation.
Research limitations/implications – This research confines only 10 public agencies in Malaysia. Future
studies might want to include a larger sample size to make the findings more extensive. It also would be
interesting to know different approaches in HRM implemented in the private organizations as well as to
examine their influences on performance and other organizational factors.
Practical implications – Good and fair HRM practices such as training, reward and performance appraisal
practices that focus on innovation facilitate and produce more innovative employees and organization
innovation. Thus, public managers should implement them to a higher extent.
Originality/value – To the best of the authors’ knowledge, this is the first study that aims to engage the
qualitative method in understanding how HRM practices can facilitate innovation in a developing country.
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