Pandemias e tempos pós-pandêmicos

Autores

  • Hakan Sönmez Vrije Universiteit Brussel (VUB)

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.11606/issn.2179-5487.v12i17p185721

Palavras-chave:

Pandemias, Bubônica, Cólera, Varíola, Gripe espanhola, Coronavírus, Covid-19

Resumo

Este ensaio investiga algumas das principais pandemias da história humana e examina seus resultados sociológicos, econômicos e políticos. Em que medida as pandemias podem transformar nossa sociedade? Como as pandemias na história se relacionam com a atual? A Peste de Atenas impactou a fé de seus cidadãos nos deuses, pois os atenienses sentiram que não estavam recebendo apoio suficiente de Apolo. A Peste de Justiniano trouxe revoltas por todo o império e levou ao fim a Antiguidade Clássica. A Peste Negra mudou significativamente a visão futura dos europeus porque a morte foi onipresente. Embora o número de mortos na pandemia de cólera tenha sido limitado, ela desencadeou estigmatização, violência e racismo contra os asiáticos, especialmente os indianos. O conquistador espanhol Hernán Cortés nunca teria sido capaz de colonizar a civilização asteca sem o surto de varíola. Depois de um episódio surreal e dadaísta, a gripe espanhola trouxe os loucos anos vinte, de uso generalizado de rádio, dos salões de dança, do jazz, a Renascença do Harlem, o cenário gay e lésbico e o sufrágio feminino. A pandemia do coronavírus mostra que a sociedade está se digitalizando na velocidade da luz entre o mundo da arte. Este ensaio também mostra que nossa economia é de soma positiva, em contraste com a de soma zero dos tempos da Peste Negra e de antes. Há também um equilíbrio delicado que deve ser mantido entre manter a pandemia sob controle e respeitar os princípios democráticos. O ensaio conclui que cada pandemia tem uma natureza idiossincrática e que ela pode ter efeitos distintos em diferentes sociedades ou regiões do mundo.

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Biografia do Autor

Hakan Sönmez, Vrije Universiteit Brussel (VUB)

Hakan Sönmez é ex-aluno de Ciência Política da Vrije Universiteit Brussel (VUB). Seus interesses de pesquisa incluem transformação de sociedades, política e história internacional, processo de democratização, desobediência civil e resistência.

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Publicado

2021-10-10

Como Citar

Sönmez, H. (2021). Pandemias e tempos pós-pandêmicos. Revista Angelus Novus, 12(17), 185721. https://doi.org/10.11606/issn.2179-5487.v12i17p185721