Eight steps’ paradigm shift in men’s 110 metres hurdles: an 89 years retrospective study

Autores

  • João Pedro Pinho Universidade de São Paulo. Escola de Educação Física e Esporte
  • Marcelo Lima Universidade de São Paulo. Escola de Educação Física e Esporte
  • João Gustavo Claudino Universidade de São Paulo. Escola de Educação Física e Esporte
  • Rodrigo Maciel Andrade Universidade de São Paulo. Escola de Educação Física e Esporte
  • Rafael Soncin Universidade de São Paulo. Escola de Educação Física e Esporte
  • Bruno Mezêncio Universidade de São Paulo. Escola de Educação Física e Esporte
  • Frank Arthur Bourgeois University of Technology. Sport Performance Research Institute New Zealand
  • Alberto Carlos Amadio Universidade de São Paulo. Escola de Educação Física e Esporte
  • Julio Cerca Serrão Universidade de São Paulo. Escola de Educação Física e Esporte

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.11606/1807-5509201700030543

Palavras-chave:

Athletics; Hurdler; Olympic Games; World Championships in Athletics.

Resumo

Men’s 110 metres hurdles is one of the oldest disciplines in the Olympic Games and yet scarce anecdotal reports are found to pinpoint technical elements indicators of success. The approach technique to the hurdles has been raised by coaches as a potential element of success however it seems that the approach strategies undertaken to the first hurdle have not been investigated to the current date. Therefore, this study aimed to examine the employment of the seven and eight steps strategy until the first hurdle in the 110 m discipline among the Olympic Games and World Championships in Athletics’ finalists. Public domain videos of the events in the period between 1924 and 2013 were assessed. An international level sprint and hurdles’ coach, using the Dartfish software, assessed the number of steps taken until the first hurdle. A left-tailed one sample sign test showed that although the seven steps strategy adoption seems to have begun in 1960 it was only in 2011 that it was considered a dominant tactic. Due to determination of factors that influence the choice of strategy or their respective influence on performance falling outside the scope of this study, future research is needed in this area. Notwithstanding, the success by the hurdlers that adopt the seven steps strategy, evidenced by the number of medals won, allowed to pinpoint the approach strategy to the first hurdle as a potential performance variable to be investigated.

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Biografia do Autor

Marcelo Lima, Universidade de São Paulo. Escola de Educação Física e Esporte

Athletics Coach, BM&FBOVESPA, São Paulo

João Gustavo Claudino, Universidade de São Paulo. Escola de Educação Física e Esporte

University of Technology. Sport Performance Research Institute New Zealand

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Publicado

2017-12-22

Como Citar

Pinho, J. P., Lima, M., Claudino, J. G., Andrade, R. M., Soncin, R., Mezêncio, B., Bourgeois, F. A., Amadio, A. C., & Serrão, J. C. (2017). Eight steps’ paradigm shift in men’s 110 metres hurdles: an 89 years retrospective study. Revista Brasileira De Educação Física E Esporte, 31(3), 543-551. https://doi.org/10.11606/1807-5509201700030543

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