Effects of training in the preparatory phase on amateur badminton players’ performance


  • Gabriel Henrique Ornaghi de Araujo State University of Maringá, Maringá, PR, Brazil.
  • Diogo Hilgemberg Figueiredo State University of Maringá, Maringá, PR, Brazil.
  • Cecília Segabinazi Peserico State University of Maringá, Maringá, PR, Brazil.




Racquet sports, Physical assessment, Training loads, Longitudinal monitoring


The aim of the present study was to verify the effect of eight weeks of training during the preparatory phase on performance variables for amateur Badminton players. A second aim was to monitor the internal training load (ITL) during the training period. Seven state-level amateur badminton players performed a battery of tests at pre and post eight training weeks. The following performance tests were performed: vertical jump, badminton-specific movement agility test, 5m-Multiple shuttle test (5m-MST) and Yo-Yo intermittent recovery test level 1 (Yo-Yo test). After each training session, ITLs were monitored by session rating of perceived exertion (sRPE). Although there were no statistically significant differences between pre- and post-training, it was found an increase of 5.4 ± 9.3%, 4.7 ± 10.4%, and 4.7 ± 16.7%, respectively, in the 5m-MST, vertical jump performance, and Yo-Yo test after the training period. The ITL demonstrated that the preparatory phase presented a variation (e.g., low to high) during general preparatory phase (GP) and high ITL during specific preparatory phase (SP). Therefore, eight training weeks during the preparatory phase promoted important improvements in individuals’ analysis and percent change values on vertical jump, the 5m-MST, and the Yo-Yo test, although there were no statistically significant differences. Furthermore, the ITLs varied throughout the training period.


Não há dados estatísticos.


Phomsoupha M, Laffaye G. The science of badminton: game characteristics, anthropometry, physiology, visual fitness and biomechanics. Sports Med. 2015;45:473-495.

Raman D, Nageswaran AS. Effect on Game-Specific Strength Training on Selected Physiological Variables among Badminton Players. Int J Sci Res. 2013;2:1-2.

Jeyaraman R, District E, Nadu T. Prediction of playing ability in badminton from selected anthropometrical physical and physiological characteristics among inter collegiate players. Int J Adv Innov Res. 2012;2:47-58.

Faude O, Meyer T, Rosenberger F, et al. Physiological characteristics of badminton match play. Eur J Appl Physiol. 2007;100:479-485.

Cabello MD, Gonzalez-Badillo JJ. Analysis of the characteristics of competitive badminton. Br J Sports Med. 2003;37:62-66.

Hong Y, Jun WS, Lam WK, et al. Kinetics of badminton lunges in four directions. J Appl Biomech. 2013;30:113-118.

Shariff AH, George J, Ramlan AA. Musculoskeletal injuries among Malaysian badminton players. Singapore Med J. 2009;50:1095-1097.

Alikhani R, Shahrjerdi S, Golpaigany M, et al. The effect of a six-week plyometric training on dynamic balance and knee proprioception in female badminton players. J Can Chiropr Assoc. 2019; 63:144–153.

Walklate BM, O’Brien B, Paton CD, et al. Supplementing regular training with short-duration sprint agility training leads to a substantial increase in repeated sprint-agility performance with national level badminton players. J Strength Cond Res. 2009;23:1477-1481.

Madsen CM, Karlsen A, Nybo L. Novel speed test for evaluation of badminton-specific movements. J Strength Cond Res. 2018;29:1203-1210.

Ooi CH, Albert T, Azwari A, et al. Physiological characteristics of elite and sub-elite badminton players. J Sports Sci. 2009;27:1591-1599.

Wonisch M, Hofmann P, Schwaberger G, et al. Validation of a field test for the non-invasive determination of badminton specific aerobic performance. Br J Sports Med. 2003;37:115-118.

Wee EH, Low JY, Chan KQ, et al. Effects of specific badminton training on aerobic and anaerobic capacity, leg strength qualities and agility among college players. icSPORTS. 2017;975:192-203.

Majumdar P, Khanna GL, Malik V, et al. Physiological analysis to quantify training load in badminton. Br J Sports Med. 1997;31:342-345.

Meeusen R, Duclos M, Foster C, et al. Prevention, diagnosis and treatment of the overtraining syndrome: Joint consensus statement of the European College of Sport Science (ECSS) and the American College of Sports Medicine (ACSM). Eur J Sport Sci. 2013;13:1-24.

Bourdon PC, Cardinale M, Murray A, et al. Monitoring Athlete Training Loads: Consensus Statement. Int J Sports Physiol Perform. 2017;12:161-170.

Halson SL. Monitoring training load to understand fatigue in athletes. Sports Med. 2014;44:139-147.

Buchheit M, Racinais S, Bilsborough JC, et al. Monitoring fitness, fatigue and running performance during a pre-season training camp in elite football players. J Sci Med Sport. 2013;16:550-555.

Jeong TS, Reilly T, Morton J, et al. Quantification of the physiological loading of one week of ‘‘pre-season’’ and one week of ‘‘in-season’’ training in professional soccer players. J Sports Sci. 2011;29:1161-1166.

Abdullahi Y, Coetzee B, Van den Berg L. Relationships between results of an internal and external match load determining method in male, singles badminton players. J Strength Cond Res. 2019;33:111-1118.

Alder DB, Broadbent DP, Stead J, et al. The impact of physiological load on anticipation skills in badminton: from testing to training. J Sports Sci. 2019;37:1816-1823.

Fox JL, Stanton R, Sargent C, et al. The association between training load and performance in team sports: a systematic review. Sports Med. 2018;48:2743-2774.

Barth V, Käsbauer H, Ferrauti A, et al. Individualized monitoring of muscle recovery in elite badminton. Front Physiol. 2019;10,778.

Foster C, Florheug JA, Franklin J, et al. A new approach to monitoring exercise training. J Strength Cond Res. 2001; 15:109-115.

Murphy AP, Duffield R, Kellett A, et al. A Descriptive analysis of internal and external loads for elite-level tennis drills. Int J Sports Physiol Perform. 2014;9:863-870.

Myers NL, Aguilar KV, Mexicano G, et al. The acute: chronic workload ratio is associated with injury in junior tennis players. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2019;52:1196-1200.

Gomes RV, Moreira A, Lodo L, et al. Monitoring training loads, stress, immune-endocrine responses and performance in tennis players. Biol Sport. 2013;30:173-180.

Canadian Society for Exercise Physiology, Public Health Agency of Canada. Physical Activity Readiness Questionnaire (Par-Q). 2002.

Boddington MK, Lambert MI, Gibson ASC, et al. Reliability of a 5-m multiple shuttle test. J Sports Sci. 2001;19:223-228.

Krustrup P, Mohr M, Amstrup T, et al. The Yo-Yo intermittent recovery test: physiological response, reliability and validity. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2003;35:697-705.

Bangsbo J, Iaia FM, Krustrup P. The Yo-Yo intermittent recovery test: a useful tool for evaluation of physical performance in intermittent sports. Sports Med. 2008;38:37-51.

Heyward VH. ASEP methods recommendation: body composition assessment. J Exerc Physiol Online. 2001;4:1-12.

Bosco C. La Valoración de la Fuerza Con el Test de Bosco. Barcelona: Paidotribo; 1994.

Phomsoupha M and Laffaye G. Shuttlecock velocity during a smash stroke in badminton evolves linearly with skill level. Comput Methods in Biomech Biomed Engin. 2014;17:140-141.

Gamble P. Training for sports speed and agility: an evidence-based approach. Routledge, New York, 2012.

Lim JH, Wee EH, Chan KQ, et al. Effect of plyometric training on the agility of student Enrolled in Required College Badminton Programme. Int J Appl Sport Sci. 2012;24:18-24.

Salonikidis K, Zafeiridis A. The effects of plyometric, tennis-drills, and combined training on reaction, lateral and linear speed, power, and strength in novice tennis players. J Strength Cond Res. 2008;22:182-191.

Nakamura FY, Moreira A, Aoki MS. Training load monitoring: is the session rating of perceived exertion a reliable method? Revista da Educação Física/UEM. 2010;21:1-11.

Figueiredo DH, Figueiredo DH, Moreira A, Gonçalves HR, Stanganelli LC. Effect of overload and tapering on individual heart rate variability, stress tolerance, and intermittent running performance in soccer players during a preseason. J Strength Cond Res. 2019;33:1222-1231.

Foster C. Monitoring training in athletes with reference to overtraining syndrome. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 1998;30:1164-1168.

Bosquet L, Montpetit J, Arvisais D, et al. Effects of tapering on performance: a meta-analysis. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2007;39:1358-1365.

Mujika I, Padilla S. Scientific bases for pre competition tapering strategies. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2003;35:1182-1187.




Como Citar

Araujo, G. H. O. de ., Figueiredo, D. H. ., & Peserico, C. S. . (2022). Effects of training in the preparatory phase on amateur badminton players’ performance. Revista Brasileira De Educação Física E Esporte, 36, e36172061. https://doi.org/10.11606/issn.1981-4690.2022e36172061