Time response of increases in muscle performance after Low-Level Laser Therapy (LLLT) in weight training practitioners
Palavras-chave:Low-level laser therapy, Muscle performance, Muscle fatigue, LLLT
Many studies have demonstrated the effectiveness of low-level laser therapy (LLLT) on muscle performance. Nonetheless, ideal application parameters are not known yet. The interval from the laser application moment until the time of the exercise is amongst them. In addition, the literature does not offer adequate studies that analyse different interval times in the same test in humans. Thus, the present study proposes the examination of the two distinct intervals, from the irradiation moment to the instant of the exercise performance. Forty male volunteers were recruited and randomly divided into four groups - control, placebo, immediate laser and 10 min after laser – to participate in this study. The therapy was performed with laser at 830 nm, with a power of 30 mW, energy of 3 J, during a time of 100 seconds per point irradiation, in the belly of the biceps brachii muscle. The comparison of the groups consisted in the Max force analysis, muscular power and muscle fatigue tests executed in the isokinetic dynamometer, and the recruitment of fibers by electromyography surface (EMG) and blood lactate levels in the brachial biceps muscle of weight training practitioners. A significant level of 5% (p <0.05) was considered for data analysis. The parameters adopted in the application of LLT significantly increased muscle activity (RMS) in all protocols (peak force, power and muscular endurance). In addition, LLLT was also effective in maintaining muscle performance. It was concluded that the interval time from the moment of application of the LLLT until the performance of the exercise can influence in a different way the physical capacities tested.
Ferreira LO, Couto BP, Szmuchrowski LA, Drummond MDM. Side effects associated with the use of anabolic androgenic steroids: a self-report by male bodybuilders. Rev Bras Ciên Saúde. 2014;18:35-42.
Dorneles GP, Sant’Anna MM, Silva RN, Lemos LS, Cassales MH, Medeiros FM, Peres A, Ribeiro JL. Comparação das respostas de frequência cardíaca e concentrações de lactato entre dois métodos de treinamento de musculação. Rev Bras Presc Exerc. 2012;6:379-387.
Orssatto LBDR, Detanico D, Kons RL, Sakugawa RL, Silva JN Jr, Diefenthaeler F. Photobiomodulation therapy does not attenuate fatigue and muscle damage in judo athletes: a randomized, triple-blind, placebo-controlled trial. Front Physiol. 2019;10:811.
Costa DR, Pessoa DR, Seefeldt VB, Costa DR, Maia DTL, Santos Maciel T, Mota BBM, Delpasso CA, Ribeiro CAD, Nicolau RA. Orofacial evaluation of individuals with temporomandibular disorder after LED therapy associated or not of occlusal splint: a randomized double-blind controlled clinical study. Lasers Med Sci. 2021;36(8):1681-1689.
Costa DR, Delpasso CA, Ribeiro LAP, Santos Maciel T, Costa DR. Fotobiomodulação empregada no tratamento e/ou prevenção da fadiga muscular em humanos: direcionamento para a empregabilidade clínica. Res Soc Dev. 2021;10(4):1-9.
Costa DR, Costa DR, Pacetti GA, Nicolau RA. Transformada Wavelet na análise do efeito da terapia LED sobre a atividade do músculo masseter em mulheres com disfunção temporomandibular. Sci Med. 2018;28(2):1-7.
Albuquerque-Pontes GM, Vieira RP, Tomazoni SS, Caires CO, Nemeth V, Vanin AA, Santos LA, Pinto HD, Marcos RL, Bjordal JM, Carvalho PT, Leal-Junior EC. Effect of pre-irradiation with different doses, wavelengths, and application intervals of low-level laser therapy on cytochrome c oxidase activity in intact skeletal muscle of rats. Lasers Med Sci. 2015;30:59-66.
Baroni BM, Leal Junior EC, Geremia JM, Diefenthaeler F, Vaz MA. Effect of light-emitting diodes therapy (LEDT) on knee extensor muscle fatigue Photomed Laser Surg. 2010;28:653-658.
Junior EC, Vanin AA, Miranda EF, Carvalho PT, Dal Corso S, Borjal JM. Effect of phototherapy (low-level laser therapy and light emitting diode therapy) on exercise performance and markers of exercise recovery: a systematic review with meta-analysis. Lasers Med Sci. 2015;30:925-939.
Leal Junior EC, Lopes-Martins RA, Dalan F, Ferrari M, Sbabo FM, Generosi RA, Baroni BM, Penna SC, Iversen VV, Bjordal JM. Effect of 655-nm low-level laser therapy on exercise-induced skeletal muscle fatigue in humans. Photomed Laser Surg. 2008;26:419-24.
Leal Júnior ECP, Nassar FR, Tomazoni SS, Borjal JM, Lopes-Martins RAB . Low-level laser therapy enhances muscular performance as measured by isokinetic dynamometry in humans. Fisioter Pesqui. 2010;17:317-321.
Kelencz CA, Muñoz ISS, Amorim CF, Nicolau RA. Effect of low-power gallium-aluminum-arsenium noncoherent light (640 nm) on muscle activity: a clinical study. Photomed Laser Surg. 2010;28:647-652.
Ferraresi C, Hamblin MR, Parizotto NA. Low-level laser (light) therapy (LLLT) on muscle tissue: performance, fatigue and repair benefited by the power of light. Photonics Laser Med 2012;1:267-286.
Vieira WH, Ferraresi C, Perez SE, Baldissera V, Parizotto NA. Effects of low-level laser therapy (808 nm) on isokinetic muscle performance of young women submitted to endurance training: a randomized controlled clinical trial. Lasers Med Sci. 2012;27:497-504.
Almeida P, Lopes-Martins RA, Marchi T, Tomazoni SS, Albertini R, Corrêa JC, Rossi RP, Machado GP, Silva DP, Bjordal JM, Leal Junior EC. Red (660 nm) and infrared (830 nm) low-level laser therapy in skeletal muscle fatigue in humans: what is better? Lasers Med Sci. 2012;27:453-8.
Maciel TS, Muñoz ISS, Nicolau RA, Nogueira DV, Hauck LA, Osório RA, Paula Júnior AR. Phototherapy effect on the muscular activity of regular physical activity practitioners. Lasers Med Sci. 2014;29:1145-1152.
Armitage P, Berry G. Statistical methods in medical research. 3rd ed. Oxford: Blackwell Scientific Publications; 1994.
Berton RPB, Libardi CA, Conceição MS, Bonganha V, Nogueira FRD, Chacon-Mikahil MPT, Cavaglieri CR, Madruga VA. Muscle damage: systemic inflammatory response after maximal eccentric actions. Rev Bras Educ Fís Esporte. 2012;26:367-374.
Wright J, Ball N, Wood L. Fatigue, H/Q ratios and muscle coactivation in recreational football players. Isokinet Exerc Sci. 2009;17:161-167.
Solakovic S, Totic D, Vukas H, Djedovic M. Hidden danger of irrational abusing illegal androgenic-anabolic steroids in recreational athletes age under 35 in Bosnia & Herzegovina. Med Arch. 2015;69:200-202.
Garcez Silva A, Simões Ribeiro M, Núñez SC. Laser de baixa potência: princípios básicos e aplicações clínicas na odontologia. Elsevier; 2012.
Costa DR, Ribeiro-Costa D, Pessoa DR, Masulo LJ, Arisawa E, Nicolau RA. Effect of LED therapy on temporomandibular disorder: a case study. Sci Med. 2017;27(2):258-72.
Pessoa DR, Costa DR, Prianti BM, et al. Association of facial massage, dry needling, and laser therapy in Temporomandibular Disorder: case report. Codas. 2018;30(6):e20170265.
Stamborowski SF, Oliveira Spinelli BM, Lima FPS, Costa DR, Silveira Souza GA, Lima MO, Lopes Martins RAB. The influence of photobiomodulation on the temperature of the brachial biceps during muscle fatigue protocol. Lasers Med Sci. 2021;36(8):1741-1749.
Kakihata CMM, Malanotte JA, Higa JY, Errero TK, Balbo SL, Bertolini GRF. Influence of low-level laser therapy on vertical jump in sedentary individuals. Einstein. 2015;13:41-46.
Ferraresi C, Hamblin MR, Parizotto NA. Low-level laser (light) therapy (LLLT) on muscle tissue: performance, fatigue and repair benefited by the power of light. Photonics Lasers Med. 2012;1:267–286,
Reis MC, Andrade EA, Borges AC, Souza DQ, Lima FP, Nicolau RA, Andrade AO, Lima MO. Immediate effects of low-intensity laser (808 nm) on fatigue and peak force of spastic muscle. Lasers Med Sci. 2012;30:1089–1096.
Brito Vieira WH, Bezerra RM, Queiroz RA, Maciel NF, Parizotto NA, Ferraresi C . Use of low-level laser therapy (808 nm) to muscle fatigue resistance: a randomized double-blind crossover trial. Photomed Laser Surg 2014;32:678-85.
Felismino AS, Costa EC, Aoki MS, Ferraresi C, Araújo Moura Lemos TM, Brito Vieira WH. Effect of low-level laser therapy (808 nm) on markers of muscle damage: a randomized double-blind placebo-controlled trial. Lasers Med Sci. 2014;29: 933-938.
Bompa TO, Haff GG. Periodização: teoria e metodologia do treinamento. Phorte; 2012.
Ferraresi C, de Sousa MV, Huang YY, Bagnato VS, Parizotto NA, Hamblin MR. Time response of increases in ATP and muscle resistance to fatigue after low-level laser (light) therapy (LLLT) in mice. Lasers Med Sci. 2015;30:1259-1267.
Karu TI, Afanasyeva NI, Kolyakov SF, Pyatibrat LV, Welser L. Changes in absorbance of monolayer of living cells induced by laser radiation at 633, 670, and 820 nm. IEEE J Sel Topics Quantum Electron. 2001;7:982-988.
Silveira PC, Silva LA, Fraga DB, Freitas TP, Streck EL, Pinho R. Evaluation of mitochondrial respiratory chain activity in muscle healing by low-level laser therapy. J Photochem Photobiol. 2009;95:89-92.
Pinheiro ALB, Brugnera Júnior A; Zanin FAA. Aplicação do laser na odontologia. São Paulo: Santos Publicações; 2010.
Queiroz LS, Wollmann DER, Nicolau RA, Pacheco MTT. Effect of LED irradiation on microcirculation of auricular mouse. Rev Assoc Paul Cir Dent. 2008;62:138-142.
Muñoz ISS, Hauck LA, Nicolau RA, Kelencz CA, Maciel TS, Paulo Júnior AR. Effect of laser vs LED in the near infrared region on the skeletal muscle activity: clinical study. Rev Bras Eng Bioméd. 2013;29:262-268.
Junior EC, Vanin AA, Miranda EF, de Carvalho PT, Dal Corso S, Borjal JM . Effect of phototherapy (low-level laser therapy and light emitting diode therapy) on exercise performance and markers of exercise recovery: a systematic review with meta-analysis. Lasers Med Sci. 2015;30:925-939.
Toma RL, Tucci HT, Antunes HK, Pedroni CR, de Oliveira AS, Buck I, Ferreira PD, Vassão PG, Renno AC. Effect of 808 nm low-level laser therapy in exercise-induced skeletal muscle fatigue in elderly women. Lasers Med Sci. 2013;28(5)1375-1382.
Maciel TS, Silva J, Jorge FS, Nicolau RA. The influence of the 830 nm laser on the jump performance of female volleyball athletes. Rev Bras Eng Bioméd. 2013;29:199-205.
Copyright (c) 2022 Revista Brasileira de Educação Física e Esporte
Este trabalho está licenciado sob uma licença Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.
Todo o conteúdo da revista, exceto onde está identificado, está licenciado sob uma Licença Creative Commons (CC-BY)