Environmental impact on physical activity and health in transgender youth
Palavras-chave:Physical activity, Youth, Transgender
Background: Physical Activity Guidelines for Americans suggest that youth should participate in at least one hour of age appropriate PA per day. Yet, fewer than 30% of high school students participate in at least 60 minutes of PA every day; ethnic minority youth report even less. Within the transgender community, students were less likely to be physically active, due to safety concerns which is mostly related to a sedentary adult. Purpose: To investigate the barriers and facilitators transgender adults faced when they were adolescents and experiencing PA environments (e.g. physical education, sport teams). Methods: Quantitative study using a questionnaire with 27 closed-ended questions. A sample of convenience was used to recruit participants. Data was coded, cleaned, and analyzed using Microsoft Excel 2018 and SPSS Statistics 24. Results: Quantitative results indicate that there is transphobic behavior present in a physical activity environment, furthermore, facilities prevented participants from participating in physical activity. Implications: The results of this study may possibly be used to inform programming in educational institutions, coaches, and support policy makers in developing what interventions are needed to increase safety for transgender youth.
Fredriksen-Goldsen KI, Kim H, Shiu C, Goldsen J, Emlet CA. Successful aging among LGBT older adults: physical and mental health-related quality of life by age group. The Gerontologist. 2014;55(1):154-168.
Smalley KB, Warren JC, Barefoot KN. Differences in health risk behaviors across understudied LGBT subgroups. Health Psychol. 2016;35(2):103-114.
Centers for Disease Control. Prevention Physical Activity. 2018 [Internet]. Available from https://www.cdc.gov/phy-sicalactivity/basics/pa-health/index.htm
Mereish EH, Poteat VP. Let’s get physical: sexual orientation disparities in physical activity, sports involvement, and obesity among a population-based sample of adolescents. Am J Public Health. 2015;105(9):1842-1848.
Jones BA, Haycraft E, Bouman WP, Arcelus J. The levels and predictors of physical activity engagement within the treatment-seeking transgender population: a matched control study. J Phys Activity Health. 2018;15(2):99-107.
Office of Disease Prevention and Health Promotion. Physical Activity Guidelines for Americans Summary. 2008. Available from https://health.gov/paguidelines/guidelines/summary.aspx
Centers for Disease Control Facts about Physical Activity. 2014. Available from https://www.cdc.gov/physicalactivity/data/facts.htm
VanKim NA, Erickson DJ, Eisenberg ME, Lust K, Rosser BR, Laska MN. Weight-related disparities for transgender college students. Health Behavior Policy Rev. 2014;1(2):161-171.
Olsen EM, Kann L, Vivolo-Kantor A, Kinchen S, McManus T. School violence and bullying among sexual minority high school students. 2009-2011. J Adolescent Health. 2014;55(3):432-438.
McGuire JK, Anderson CR, Toomey RB, Russell ST. School climate for transgender youth: a mixed method investigation of student experiences and school responses. J Youth Adolescence. 2010;39(10):1175-1188.
Gill DL, Morrow RG, Collins KE, Lucey AB, Schultz AM. Perceived climate in physical activity settings. J Homosexuality. 2010;57(7):895-913.
SHAPE America. State Profi les. 2018 [Internet]. [cited May 4 2019]. Available from https://www.shapeamerica.org/advocacy/son/2010/upload/California-profi le.pdf
Elling-Machartzki A. Extraordinary body-self narratives: sport and physical activity in the lives of transgender people. Leisure Studies. 2015;36(2):256-268.
Morrow RG, Gill DL. Perceptions of homophobia and heterosexism in physical education. Res Quarterly Exercise Sport. 2003;74(2): 205-14.
Caperchione CM, Chau S, Walker GJ, Mummery WK, Jennings C. Gender-associated perceptions of barriers and motivators to physical activity participation in south Asian Punjabis living in Western Canada. J Phys Activity Health. 2015;12(5):686-693.
Hargie OD, Mitchell DH, Somerville IJ. ‘People have a knack of making you feel excluded if they catch on to your diff erence’: transgender experiences of exclusion in sport. Intern Rev Sociol Sport. 2016;52(2):223-239.
Azzarito L, Katzew A. Performing identities in Physical Education: (en)gendering fl uid selves. Res Quarterly Exercise Sport. 2010;81(1):25-37.
Todo o conteúdo da revista, exceto onde está identificado, está licenciado sob uma Licença Creative Commons (CC-BY)