Comparative analysis of Amputee Soccer players and coach perception of intensity training


  • Mário Antônio de Moura Simim Federal University of Ceará. Institute of Physical Education and Sports, Fortaleza, CE, Brazil; Federal University of Ceará. Program in Physiotherapy and Functioning, Fortaleza, CE, Brazil.
  • Alexandre Igor Araripe Medeiros Federal University of Ceará. Institute of Physical Education and Sports, Fortaleza, CE, Brazil; Federal University of Ceará. Program in Physiotherapy and Functioning, Fortaleza, CE, Brazil.
  • André Igor Fonteles Federal Institute of Education, Science and Technology of Itapipoca, Itapipoca, CE, Brazil.
  • Saulo Fernandes Melo de Oliveira Federal University of Pernambuco, Vitória de Santo Antão, PE, Brazil.
  • Edilson Moreira Sousa Junior Federal University of Ceará. Institute of Physical Education and Sports, Fortaleza, CE, Brazil.
  • Felipe Nogueira Catunda Associação D’eficiência Superando Limites, Fortaleza, CE, Brazil.
  • Bruno Victor Corrêa da Silva Gracie Barra Arizona, Phoenix, United States of America.
  • Gustavo Ribeiro da Mota Federal University of Triângulo Mineiro, Uberaba, MG, Brazil.
  • Claudio de Oliveira Assumpção Federal University of Triângulo Mineiro, Uberaba, MG, Brazil.



Pessoas com deficiência, Para-atletas, Esforço físico, Esporte adaptado


We investigate if there are agreement and differences between the training intensity and load prescribed by the coach and those perceived by Amputee Soccer (AS) players. Eleven AS players and the team coach participated in the study. Before each session, we registered the coach Rating Perceived Exertion (RPE) intended (not disclosed to the players). Immediately after the training session, the players responded to the same version of RPE individually. The load was quantified through the session-RPE (s-RPE) (RPE x minutes). In sessions 1 and 2, the coach overestimated the training RPE (p < 0.05; Effect size [ES] = 0.2 and 0.3), whereas in sessions 4 and 5 the values were underestimated (p < 0.05; ES = 0.3). In the case of s-RPE, the overestimation of RPE occurred in session 1 (p = 0.02; ES = 0.9), whereas in sessions 4 and 5 (p < 0.05; ES = 1.8 and 0.9) the coach underestimated the load values. We conclude that the training load planned by the coach is different and disagrees with the perception of the AS players in most of the training sessions.


Não há dados estatísticos.


Yazicioğlu K. The rules of Amputee Football. Amputee sports for victims of terrorism. Amsterdam: IOS Press, 2007. p. 94-9.

Simim MAM, Bradley PS, Silva BVC, Mendes EL, Mello MT, Marocolo M, et al. The quantification of game-induced muscle fatigue in amputee soccer players. J Phys Fit Sports Med. 2017;57:766-72.

Simim MAM, Mota GR, Marocolo M, Silva BVC, Mello MT, Bradley PS. The demands of Amputee Soccer impair muscular endurance and power indices but not match physical performance. Adapt Phys Activ Q. 2018;35:76-92.

Delaney JA, Duthie GM, Thornton HR, Pyne DB. Quantifying the relationship between internal and external work in team sports: development of a novel training efficiency index. Sci Med Football. 2018;2(2):149-56.

McGuigan H, Hassmén P, Rosic N, Stevens CJ. Training monitoring methods used in the field by coaches and practitioners: a systematic review. Int J Sports Sci Coach. 2020;15(3):439-51.

Halperin I, Emanuel A. Rating of perceived effort: methodological concerns and future directions. Sports Med. 2020;50(4):679-87.

Haddad M, Stylianides G, Djaoui L, Dellal A, Chamari K. Session-RPE Method for training load monitoring: validity, ecological usefulness, and influencing factors. Front Neurosci. 2017;11(612).

Lupo C, Ungureanu AN, Frati R, Panichi M, Grillo S, Brustio PR. Player ssession rating of perceived exertion: a more valid tool than coaches' ratings to monitor internal training load in elite youth female Basketball. Int J Sports Physiol Perform. 2019:1-6.

Brink MS, Frencken WGP, Jordet G, Lemmink KA. Coaches' and players' perceptions of training dose: not a perfect match. Int J Sports Physiol Perform. 2014;9(3):497-502.

Paul D, Read P, Farooq A, Jones L. Factors influencing the association between coach and athlete rating of exertion: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Sports Med - Open. 2021;7(1).

Doeven SH, Brink MS, Frencken WGP, Lemmink K. Impaired player-coach perceptions of exertion and recovery during match congestion. Int J Sports Physiol Perform. 2017;12(9):1151-6.

Andrade AD, Simim MAM, Kassiano W, Palao JM, De Jesus K, Maia NM, et al. Do differences between the training load perceived by elite beach volleyball players and that planned by coaches affect neuromuscular function? Retos. 2020;38:632-6.

Macpherson TW, McLaren SJ, Gregson W, Lolli L, Drust B, Weston M. Using differential ratings of perceived exertion to assess agreement between coach and player perceptions of soccer training intensity: an exploratory investigation. J Sports Sci. 2019;37(24):2783-8.

Laurent CM, Green JM, Bishop PA, Sjokvist J, Schumacker RE, Richardson MT, et al. A practical approach to monitoring recovery: development of a perceived recovery status scale. J Strength Cond Res. 2011;25(3):620-8.

Simim MAM, Silva BVC, Mota GR. Amputee football: technical, tactical and guidelines for training. Braz J Futsal Football. 2015;7:246-54.

Bland JM, Altman DG. Measuring agreement in method comparison studies. Stat Methods Med Res. 1999;8(2):135-60.

Cohen J. Statistical power analysis for the behavioral sciences: Toronto: Routledge; 1988.

Giavarina D. Understanding Bland Altman analysis. Biochem Med. 2015;25(2):141-51.

Hopkins WG. Bias in Bland-Altman but not regression validity analyses. Sportscience [Internet]. 2004; 8:[42-6 pp.]. Available from:

Wallace LK, Slattery KM, Coutts AJ. The ecological validity and application of the session-RPE method for quantifying training loads in swimming. J Strength Cond Res. 2009;23(1):33-8.

Brink MS, Kersten AW, Frencken WGP. Understanding the mismatch between coaches' and players' perceptions of exertion. Int J Sports Physiol Perform. 2017;12(4):562-8.

Rabelo FN, Pasquarelli BN, Gonçalves B, Matzenbacher F, Campos FAD, Sampaio J, et al. Monitoring the intended and perceived training load of a professional futsal team over 45 weeks: a case study. J Strength Cond Res. 2016;30(1):134-40.

Simim MAM, Mello MT, Silva BVC, Rodrigues DF, Rosa JPP, Couto BP, et al. Load monitoring variables in training and competition situations: a systematic review applied to wheelchair sports. Adapt Phys Activ Q. 2017;34(4):466-83.

Iturricastillo A, Granados C, Los Arcos A, Yanci J. Objective and subjective methods for quantifying training load in wheelchair basketball small-sided games. J Sports Sci. 2017;35(8):749–55.

Paulson TAW, Mason B, Rhodes J, Goosey-Tolfrey V. Individualized internal and external training load relationships in elite wheelchair rugby players. Front Physiol. 2015;6(388).

Aguiar M, Botelho G, Lago C, Maças V, Sampaio J. A review on the effects of soccer small-sided games. J Human Kinetics. 2012;33:103-13.

Halouani J, Chtourou H, Gabbett T, Chaouachi A, Chamari K. Small-sided games in team sports training: a brief review. J Strength Cond Res. 2014;28(12):3594-618.

Clemente FM. Small-sided and conditioned games in soccer training: the science and practical applications. Singapore: Springer; 2016. 135 p.

Haile L, Gallagher Jr M, Robertson RJ. Perceived exertion laboratory manual: from standard practice to contemporary application. New York, NY: Springer; 2015.

Facundo LA, Mello MT, Simim MAM, Duarte T, Cruz AAS, Narciso FV, et al. Professional trajectory of coaches in the context of Paralympic sports. Movimento. 2019;25:e25034.




Como Citar

Simim, M. A. de M., Medeiros, A. I. A., Fonteles, A. I., Oliveira, S. F. M. de, Sousa Junior, E. M., Catunda, F. N., Silva, B. V. C. da, Mota, G. R. da, & Assumpção, C. de O. (2023). Comparative analysis of Amputee Soccer players and coach perception of intensity training. Revista Brasileira De Educação Física E Esporte, 37, e37193026.




Dados de financiamento