Effectiveness of Enteral Nutritional Therapy in the Healing Process of Pressure Ulcers: A Systematic Review

  • Gisely Blanc Universidade Federal do Paraná; Universidade Federal do Paraná
  • Marineli Joaquim Meier Universidade Federal do Paraná; Department of Nursing; Universidade Federal do Paraná
  • Janislei Giseli Dorociaki Stocco Universidade Federal do Paraná; Universidade Federal do Paraná
  • Hellen Roehrs Universidade Federal do Paraná; Department of Nursing; Universidade Federal do Paraná
  • Karla Crozeta Universidade Federal do Paraná; Department of Nursing; Universidade Federal do Paraná
  • Dulce Aparecida Barbosa Universidade Federal de São Paulo; Escola Paulista de Enfermagem; Universidade Federal de São Paulo

Abstract

OBJECTIVE To evaluate the effectiveness of enteral nutritional therapy (ENT) in the healing process of pressure ulcers (PU) in adults and the elderly. METHOD A systematic review whose studies were identified through the databases of Cochrane, MEDLINE/PubMed, SciELO, LILACS, EMBASE, CINAHL, Web of Science, and manual searches. It included randomized clinical trials (RCTs) without delimiting the period or language of publication, which addressed adults and elderly patients with pressure ulcers in a comparative treatment of enteral nutritional therapy and placebo or between enteral nutritional therapy with different compositions and dosages. RESULTS We included ten studies that considered different interventions. It resulted in more pressure ulcers healed in the groups that received the intervention. The included studies were heterogeneous with regard to patients, the type of intervention, the sample and the follow-up period, all of which made meta-analysis impossible. CONCLUSION Although the enteral nutritional therapy demonstrates a promotion of pressure ulcer healing, sufficient evidence to confirm the hypothesis was not found.

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Published
2015-02-01
How to Cite
Blanc, G., Meier, M., Stocco, J., Roehrs, H., Crozeta, K., & Barbosa, D. (2015). Effectiveness of Enteral Nutritional Therapy in the Healing Process of Pressure Ulcers: A Systematic Review . Revista Da Escola De Enfermagem Da USP, 49(1), 152-161. https://doi.org/10.1590/S0080-623420150000100020
Section
Critical Review