Intimate partner violence against pregnant women: the environment according to Levine's nursing theory

  • Selma Villas Boas Teixeira Universidade Federal do Estado do Rio de Janeiro; Escola de Enfermagem Alfredo Pinto
  • Maria Aparecida Vasconcelos Moura Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro; Escola de Enfermagem Anna Nery
  • Leila Rangel da Silva Universidade Federal do Estado do Rio de Janeiro; Escola de Enfermagem Alfredo Pinto
  • Ana Beatriz Azevedo Queiroz Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro; Escola de Enfermagem Anna Nery
  • Kleyde Ventura de Souza Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais; Escola de Enfermagem
  • Leônidas Albuquerque Netto Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro; Escola de Enfermagem Anna Nery

Abstract

OBJECTIVE Analyzing the elements that compose the environment of pregnant women who have experienced intimate partner violence in the light of Levine's Nursing Theory. METHOD A qualitative, descriptive study conducted from September to January 2012, with nine pregnant women in a Municipal Health Center in Rio de Janeiro. The interviews were semi-structured and individual. The theoretical framework was based on Levine's Nursing Theory. RESULTS Thematic analysis evidenced the elements that composed the external environment, such as violence perpetrated by intimate partners before and during pregnancy, violence in childhood and adolescence, alcohol consumption and drug use by the partner, unemployment, low education and economic dependency, which affected health and posed risks to the pregnancy. CONCLUSION Violence perpetrated by an intimate partner was the main external factor that influenced the internal environment with repercussions on health. This theory represents a tool in nursing care which will aid in detecting cases and the fight against violence.

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Published
2015-12-01
How to Cite
Teixeira, S., Moura, M., Silva, L., Queiroz, A., Souza, K., & Albuquerque Netto, L. (2015). Intimate partner violence against pregnant women: the environment according to Levine’s nursing theory . Revista Da Escola De Enfermagem Da USP, 49(6), 882-889. https://doi.org/10.1590/S0080-623420150000600002
Section
Original Articles