Development of premature children: caregivers' understanding according to the Bioecological Theory

  • Rayla Amaral Lemos Universidade de São Paulo; Escola de Enfermagem
  • Maria de La Ó Ramallo Veríssimo Universidade de São Paulo; Escola de Enfermagem; Departamento de Enfermagem Materno-Infantil e Psiquiátrica

Abstract

OBJECTIVE Understanding the conceptions of premature children caregivers on child development and associated factors. METHOD An exploratory-descriptive qualitative study of 12 families with children under three years of age. Interviews were submitted to thematic content analysis, systematized into the categories of Bioecological Theory of Human Development: Process, Person, Context and Time, and in the Functional Development category. RESULTS There are concerns about impairment in the current and future development of a Person/child defined as fragile as a result of premature birth (Time dimension), minimized by the scope of observable competencies such as motor skills. The Context, especially family and health services, and Proximal Processes, described as one-way caregiver interactions, are considered determinants of development. Functional Development is considered a natural consequence and result of education. The support network is crucial, supporting or limiting care. CONCLUSION Concerns about the development mobilize caregivers to stimulate the premature child/person and requests family and healthcare assistance.

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Published
2015-12-01
How to Cite
Lemos, R., & Veríssimo, M. (2015). Development of premature children: caregivers’ understanding according to the Bioecological Theory . Revista Da Escola De Enfermagem Da USP, 49(6), 898-906. https://doi.org/10.1590/S0080-623420150000600004
Section
Original Articles