Depression and suicide risk among nursing professionals: an integrative review

  • Darlan dos Santos Damásio Silva Universidade Federal de Alagoas; Programa de Pós-Graduação em Psicologia
  • Natália Vieira da Silva Tavares Universidade Federal de Alagoas; Escola de Enfermagem e Farmácia
  • Alícia Regina Gomes Alexandre Universidade Federal de Alagoas; Escola de Enfermagem e Farmácia
  • Daniel Antunes Freitas Universidade Federal de Alagoas; Faculdade de Medicina
  • Mércia Zeviani Brêda Universidade Federal de Alagoas; Escola de Enfermagem e Farmácia; Programa de Pós-Graduação em Enfermagem
  • Maria Cícera dos Santos de Albuquerque Universidade Federal de Alagoas; Escola de Enfermagem e Farmácia; Programa de Pós-Graduação em Enfermagem
  • Valfrido Leão de Melo Neto Universidade Federal de Alagoas; Faculdade de Medicina

Abstract

OBJECTIVE Discussing the factors associated with major depression and suicide risk among nursing professionals. METHOD An integrative review in PubMed/MEDLINE, LILACS, SciELO and BDENF databases, between 2003 and 2015. RESULTS 20 published articles were selected, mostly from between 2012 and 2014, with significant production in Brazil. Nursing professionals are vulnerable to depression when young, married, performing night work and having several jobs, and when they have a high level of education, low family income, work overload, high stress, insufficient autonomy and a sense of professional insecurity and conflict in the family and workrelationship. Suicide risk was correlated with the presence of symptoms of depression, high levels of emotional exhaustion, depersonalization and low personal accomplishment; characteristics of Burnout Syndrome. CONCLUSION Suicide risk among nursing professionals is associated with symptoms of depression and correlated with Burnout Syndrome, which can affect work performance.

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Published
2015-12-01
How to Cite
Silva, D., Tavares, N., Alexandre, A., Freitas, D., Brêda, M., Albuquerque, M., & Melo Neto, V. (2015). Depression and suicide risk among nursing professionals: an integrative review . Revista Da Escola De Enfermagem Da USP, 49(6), 1023-1031. https://doi.org/10.1590/S0080-623420150000600020
Section
Critical Review