Nursing Training in the Brazilian Red Cross in the 1940s: a Foucaultian approach*

  • Márcia Cristina da Cruz Mecone Universidade de São Paulo
  • Genival Fernandes de Freitas Universidade de São Paulo
  • Bárbara Barrionuevo Bonini Universidade de São Paulo

Abstract

Objectives To identify and analyze the discursive statements that characterizes the training of human resources in nursing in the 1940s by the Brazilian Red Cross. Method The approach of the documentary sources was through the assumptions of the Historical Method and they were questioned by using the thought of Michel Foucault. Results Historically, a peculiar model, the military teaching model, influenced the training of human resources in nursing, especially in the 1940s. The Brazilian Red Cross was linked to the Ministry of War and its nursing education had an emphasis on moral conduct, discipline, and respect for hierarchy, culminating in the production of nurses’ “docile bodies”. The attributes expected of nurses constituted the triad in the professional formation identity at that time: dedication, discipline and obedience. Conclusion The military model still reverberates practices in training of nurses in the present, as in the management, care and education in nursing.

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Published
2015-12-01
How to Cite
Mecone, M., Freitas, G., & Bonini, B. (2015). Nursing Training in the Brazilian Red Cross in the 1940s: a Foucaultian approach* . Revista Da Escola De Enfermagem Da USP, 49(spe2), 60-67. https://doi.org/10.1590/S0080-623420150000800009
Section
Original Articles