The American Nurses of the Special Public Health Service and the Formation of Human Resources in Brazilian Nursing

  • Bárbara Barrionuevo Bonini Universidade de São Paulo; Escola de Enfermagem
  • Genival Fernandes de Freitas Universidade de São Paulo; Escola de Enfermagem
  • Julie Fairman University of Pennsylvania; Center for the Study of the History of Nursing
  • Márcia Cristina da Cruz Mecone Universidade de São Paulo; Escola de Enfermagem

Abstract

Objective To historicize the changes in training human resources in nursing in Brazil during the period from 1942 to 1961 based on the presence of 35 American nurses assigned to work in cooperation with Special Public Health Service. Method The sources used for the study were reports written by American nurses who described their impressions, suggestions, and the activities they carried out in the country. These were analyzed based on the discourse analysis of Michel Foucault. Results The period mentioned was marked by an American presence in nursing projects developed by the Special Public Health Service. The discourses indicated that the period was marked by many changes in Brazilian nursing, particularly with respect to attracting and training human resources for the profession. Conclusion The results indicate that the American nurses, through what they said and their influence, were central to the consolidation of a new paradigm in the training of nursing professionals in Brazil.

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Published
2015-12-01
How to Cite
Bonini, B., Freitas, G., Fairman, J., & Mecone, M. (2015). The American Nurses of the Special Public Health Service and the Formation of Human Resources in Brazilian Nursing . Revista Da Escola De Enfermagem Da USP, 49(spe2), 136-143. https://doi.org/10.1590/S0080-623420150000800019
Section
Original Articles