30 years later: Social Representations about AIDS and sexual practices of rural towns residents

  • Francisca Marina de Souza Freire Furtado Universidade Federal da Paraíba
  • José Anderson Galdino Santos Universidade Federal da Paraíba
  • Stedile Loredanna Universidade Federal da Paraíba
  • Eunice Araújo Universidade Federal da Paraíba
  • Ana Alayde Werba Saldanha Universidade Federal da Paraíba
  • Josevânia da Silva Universidade Estadual da Paraíba

Abstract

In the 30 years of the AIDS pandemic in Brazil, it is recognized the HIV virus internalization of the phenomenon as a challenge to care and current health policies. In this sense, it aimed to verify sex practices and social representations that rural towns residents have about the disease. Attended by 789 people, men and women, between 18 and 90 years old, residents in 41 towns with fewer than 11,000 inhabitants in the state of Paraiba / Brazil. Data were collected by a questionnaire and the free association of words test. The results showed low concern about disease, perception of invulnerability to HIV infection and not using condoms during sexual intercourse, and confidence in the major reason related partner. Also showed endure derogatory and stereotypical representations, revealing that still persist in rural areas, beliefs and representations concerning the beginning of the epidemic. From these findings, it is possible to point out deficiencies in the care provided by the health services in these localities, which may result in increased vulnerability of this population to diseases, so there is the need to intensify information campaigns and intervention. The results reveal the existence of three different types of modes of learning health literacy skills in informal context: : i) learning that takes place in action, in achieving daily tasks; ii) learning processes that result from problem solving; iii) learning that occurs in an unplanned manner, resulting from accidental circumstances and, in some cases, devoid of intentionality.

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Published
2016-06-01
How to Cite
Furtado, F., Santos, J., Loredanna, S., Araújo, E., Saldanha, A., & Silva, J. (2016). 30 years later: Social Representations about AIDS and sexual practices of rural towns residents . Revista Da Escola De Enfermagem Da USP, 50(spe), 74-80. https://doi.org/10.1590/S0080-623420160000300011
Section
Original Article