Occupational Burnout Syndrome in the nursing context: an integrative literature review


  • Mateus Estevam Medeiros-Costa Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte
  • Regina Heloísa Maciel Universidade de Fortaleza
  • Denise Pereira do Rêgo Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte; Departamento de Psicologia
  • Lucimar Lucas de Lima Universidade Potiguar; Departamento de Enfermagem
  • Maria Eliziane Pinto da Silva Universidade Potiguar; Departamento de Enfermagem; Campus de São José dos Campestre
  • Julyana Gomes Freitas Universidade de Fortaleza; Departamento de Enfermagem




Nursing, Burnout, Professional, Occupational Health, Review


OBJECTIVE To characterize the scientific production on Burnout Syndrome in the Nursingcontext, systematizing the location where the studies were carried out, the related constructs, the employed methods and their main results. METHOD An integrative review of the literature with a bibliometric approach of articles published in Portuguese, Spanish and English between 2005 and 2016. RESULTS 106 articles wereincluded. Mostinvolvedprevalence, and were descriptive, quantitative studies performed in hospitals.The Southeastern and Southern regions of Brazil had the largest number of publications, and stress was the construct most related to burnout.Most of the studies used the Maslach Burnout Inventory to investigate the presence of the syndrome. CONCLUSION New case-control and cohort studies should be carried out.Qualitative-exploratory studies are necessary to better understand Burnout Syndrome among nursing professionals usingfocus groups or interviews, as well as comparative causal studies, with the purpose of exploring the syndrome’smanifestations.


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How to Cite

Medeiros-Costa, M. E., Maciel, R. H., Rêgo, D. P. do, Lima, L. L. de, Silva, M. E. P. da, & Freitas, J. G. (2017). Occupational Burnout Syndrome in the nursing context: an integrative literature review. Revista Da Escola De Enfermagem Da USP, 51, e03235-. https://doi.org/10.1590/s1980-220x2016023403235