Factors associated with the grief after stillbirth: a comparative study between Brazilian and Canadian women

  • Gisele Ferreira Paris Universidade Estadual do Oeste do Paraná
  • Francine de Montigny Université du Quebec en Outaouais
  • Sandra Marisa Pelloso Universidade Estadual de Maringá; Departamento de Enfermagem, Maringá
Keywords: Fetal Death, Grief, Obstetric Nursing, Psychometrics, Comparative Study

Abstract

OBJECTIVE To verify the association between complicated grief and sociodemographic, reproductive, mental, marital satisfaction, and professional support characteristics in women after stillbirth. METHOD Cross-sectional study with 26 women who had stillbirth in 2013, living in the city of Maringá, Brazil, and eight women who attended the Centre d'Études et de Rechercheen Intervention Familiale at the University of Quebec en Outaouais, in Canada. The instrument was administered as an interview to a small number of mothers of infants up to three months (n=50), who did not participate in the validation study. RESULTS By applying the short version of the Perinatal Grief Scale, the prevalence of complicated grief in Brazilian women was found to be higher (35%) in relation to Canadian women (12%).Characteristics of the Brazilian women associated with the grief period included the presence of previous pregnancy with live birth, absence of previous perinatal loss, postpartum depression, and lack of marital satisfaction. For the Canadians it was observed that 80% of the women presenting no grief made use of the professional support group. In both populations the occurrence of complicated grief presented a higher prevalence in women with duration of pregnancy higher than 28 weeks. CONCLUSION The women that must be further investigated during the grief period are those living in Brazil, making no use of a professional support group, presenting little to no marital satisfaction, having no religion, and of a low educational level.

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Published
2016-08-01
How to Cite
Paris, G., Montigny, F., & Pelloso, S. (2016). Factors associated with the grief after stillbirth: a comparative study between Brazilian and Canadian women. Revista Da Escola De Enfermagem Da USP, 50(4), 546-553. https://doi.org/10.1590/S0080-623420160000500002
Section
Original Article