AIDS and jail: social representations of women in freedom deprivation situations

  • Débora Raquel Soares Guedes Trigueiro Escola de Enfermagem Nova Esperança; Programa de Mestrado Profissional em Saúde da Família
  • Sandra Aparecida de Almeida Universidade Federal da Paraíba; Departamento de Enfermagem em Saúde Pública e Psiquiátrica
  • Aline Aparecida Monroe Universidade de São Paulo; Escola de Enfermagem de Ribeirão Preto; Departamento de Enfermagem Materno Infantil e Saúde Pública
  • Gilka Paiva Oliveira Costa Universidade Federal da Paraíba; Departamento de Medicina Interna
  • Valéria Peixoto Bezerra Universidade Federal da Paraíba; Departamento de Enfermagem Clínica
  • Jordana de Almeida Nogueira Universidade Federal da Paraíba; Departamento de Enfermagem Clínica
Keywords: Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome, Prisoners, Women, Health Vulnerability

Abstract

OBJECTIVE To graspthe AIDS social representations built by freedom-deprived women. METHOD Descriptive study with a quali-quantitative approach that involved 174 convicted women in a women's prison in a capital city of the Brazilian northeastern region. Aword-association test was applied in October and November 2014, using AIDS as a stimulus. The corpuswas processed usingIramuteq software. Descending Hierarchical Classification and Correspondence Factor Analysis were applied. RESULTS The content that comprises the social representation of AIDS was influenced by the prison context, which was pervaded by a lack of assistance, lack of knowledge, discrimination, and suffering that disclosed vulnerability to HIV/AIDS factors such as unprotected sex and object sharing. This underlines the stigma and fear of the illness, in addition to favoring and supporting negative feelings and a sense of rejection. CONCLUSION To consider the use of this representational amalgam to ensure a comprehensive, contextualized care can help redirect practices, motivate self-care practices, and reduce prejudiced attitudes.

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Published
2016-08-01
How to Cite
Trigueiro, D., Almeida, S., Monroe, A., Costa, G., Bezerra, V., & Nogueira, J. (2016). AIDS and jail: social representations of women in freedom deprivation situations. Revista Da Escola De Enfermagem Da USP, 50(4), 554-561. https://doi.org/10.1590/S0080-623420160000500003
Section
Original Article