Staphylococcus aureus and the oxacillin sensitivity profile in hospitalized people with HIV/AIDS

  • Daiana Patrícia Marchetti Pio Universidade de São Paulo; Escola de Enfermagem de Ribeirão Preto
  • Lilian Andreia Fleck Reinato Universidade de São Paulo; Escola de Enfermagem de Ribeirão Preto
  • Letícia Pimenta Lopes Universidade de São Paulo; Escola de Enfermagem de Ribeirão Preto
  • Elucir Gir Universidade de São Paulo; Escola de Enfermagem de Ribeirão Preto; Departamento de Enfermagem Geral e Especializada
Keywords: HIV Infections, Hospitalization, Staphylococcus aureus, Oxacillin

Abstract

Objective Analyze nasal colonization by oxacillin-sensitive and oxacillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus in people with HIV/AIDS (PWHA) at days 1 and7 of hospitalization. METHOD A prospective observational study conducted in a hospital in the countryside of the state of São Paulo. Nasal swab samples were collected and analyzed through microbiological identification, at days 1 and 7 of hospitalization of PWHA, between August 2011 and January 2014. Data were analyzed via IBM SPSS(r), version 20.0. RESULTS Nasal secretion samples were collected from 187 (50.1%) PWHA at days 1 and 7 of hospitalization. Of these, Staphylococcus aureus was identified in 64 (34.2%) PWHA. CONCLUSION At day 1 of hospitalization, 27 PWHA were identified with Staphylococcus aureus; 27 PWHA presented colonization by Staphylococcus aureus at days 1 and 7, and 10 PWHA only at day 7. Of 64 PWHA colonized by Staphylococcus aureus, the susceptibility profile of isolated Staphylococcus aureus was oxacillin-resistant in 25 PWHA.

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Published
2016-08-01
How to Cite
Pio, D., Reinato, L., Lopes, L., & Gir, E. (2016). Staphylococcus aureus and the oxacillin sensitivity profile in hospitalized people with HIV/AIDS. Revista Da Escola De Enfermagem Da USP, 50(4), 617-621. https://doi.org/10.1590/S0080-623420160000500011
Section
Original Article