Differences in the clinical-epidemiological profile between new cases of tuberculosis and retreatment cases after default

  • Aylana de Souza Belchior Universidade Federal do Amazonas; Escola de Enfermagem de Manaus; Programa de Pós-Graduação em Enfermagem
  • Ricardo Alexandre Arcêncio Universidade de São Paulo; Escola de Enfermagem de Ribeirão Preto
  • Evelyne Marie Therese Mainbourg Fundação Oswaldo Cruz; Instituto Leônidas e Maria Deane
Keywords: Tuberculosis, Patients, Patient Dropouts, Epidemiology, Health Profile, Public Health Nursing

Abstract

OBJECTIVE To identify the socioeconomic and clinical-epidemiological factors related to tuberculosis in new cases and retreatment cases. METHOD Comparative study with 126 patients, of which 42 were retreatment cases after default attended in a reference center, and 84 were new cases completing the first treatment and treated in Basic Health Units. The collection of primary data was through interview, and of secondary data by records of the Notifiable Diseases Information System. Comparative analysis between the two groups. RESULTS The new cases differ from retreatment cases regarding educational level. The clinical-epidemiological profile shows a significant difference in relation to performance of the tuberculin skin test, and the HIV test result (positive) in favor of new cases. In relation to performance of sputum culture and the result (positive) of the first sputum smear of the first and second samples, in favor of retreatment cases. CONCLUSION The two groups are significantly different in clinical and epidemiological characteristics that show the access to exams.

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Published
2016-08-01
How to Cite
Belchior, A., Arcêncio, R., & Mainbourg, E. (2016). Differences in the clinical-epidemiological profile between new cases of tuberculosis and retreatment cases after default. Revista Da Escola De Enfermagem Da USP, 50(4), 622-627. https://doi.org/10.1590/S0080-623420160000500012
Section
Original Article