Low-level laser therapy and Calendula officinalis in repairing diabetic foot ulcers
Keywords: Calendula Officinalis, Diabetes Mellitus, Diabetic Foot, Laser Therapy
AbstractOBJECTIVE To evaluate the effects of low-level laser therapy isolated and associated with Calendula officinalis oil in treating diabetic foot ulcers. METHOD An experimental, randomized, controlled, prospective, interventional clinical case study using a quantitative approach. The sample consisted of 32 diabetic patients of both genders. Participants were randomly divided into four groups. Doppler Ultrasound evaluation of the Ankle-Brachial Index, brief pain inventory and analog pain scale were performed at baseline and after 30 days. RESULTS Reduced pain was observed in the Low-level laser therapy and Low-level laser therapy associated with Essential Fatty Acids groups (p<0.01). Regarding the Ankle-Brachial Index and Doppler Ultrasound, all groups remained stable. By analyzing lesion area reduction, Low-level laser therapy associated with Essential fatty acids group showed a significance of p=0.0032, and the Low-level laser therapy group showed p=0.0428. CONCLUSION Low-level laser therapy, performed alone or associated with the Calendula officinalis oil was effective in relieving pain and accelerating the tissue repair process of diabetic foot.
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How to Cite
Carvalho, A., Feitosa, M., Coelho, N., Rebêlo, V., Castro, J., Sousa, P., Feitosa, V., & Arisawa, E. (2016). Low-level laser therapy and Calendula officinalis in repairing diabetic foot ulcers. Revista Da Escola De Enfermagem Da USP, 50(4), 628-634. https://doi.org/10.1590/S0080-623420160000500013
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