Low-level laser therapy and Calendula officinalis in repairing diabetic foot ulcers

  • Ana Flávia Machado de Carvalho Universidade Estadual do Piauí; Faculdade de Ciências Médicas
  • Maura Cristina Porto Feitosa Universidade Estadual do Piauí; Faculdade de Ciências Médicas
  • Nayana Pinheiro Machado de Freitas Coelho Universidade Estadual do Piauí; Faculdade de Ciências Médicas
  • Veruska Cronemberger Nogueira Rebêlo Universidade Estadual do Piauí; Faculdade de Ciências Médicas
  • Juçara Gonçalves de Castro FACID
  • Patrícia Regina Gomes de Sousa FACID
  • Valrian Campos Feitosa FACID
  • Emilia Angela Lo Schiavo Arisawa Universidade do Vale do Paraíba; Instituto de Pesquisa e Desenvolvimento
Keywords: Calendula Officinalis, Diabetes Mellitus, Diabetic Foot, Laser Therapy

Abstract

OBJECTIVE To evaluate the effects of low-level laser therapy isolated and associated with Calendula officinalis oil in treating diabetic foot ulcers. METHOD An experimental, randomized, controlled, prospective, interventional clinical case study using a quantitative approach. The sample consisted of 32 diabetic patients of both genders. Participants were randomly divided into four groups. Doppler Ultrasound evaluation of the Ankle-Brachial Index, brief pain inventory and analog pain scale were performed at baseline and after 30 days. RESULTS Reduced pain was observed in the Low-level laser therapy and Low-level laser therapy associated with Essential Fatty Acids groups (p<0.01). Regarding the Ankle-Brachial Index and Doppler Ultrasound, all groups remained stable. By analyzing lesion area reduction, Low-level laser therapy associated with Essential fatty acids group showed a significance of p=0.0032, and the Low-level laser therapy group showed p=0.0428. CONCLUSION Low-level laser therapy, performed alone or associated with the Calendula officinalis oil was effective in relieving pain and accelerating the tissue repair process of diabetic foot.

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Published
2016-08-01
How to Cite
Carvalho, A., Feitosa, M., Coelho, N., Rebêlo, V., Castro, J., Sousa, P., Feitosa, V., & Arisawa, E. (2016). Low-level laser therapy and Calendula officinalis in repairing diabetic foot ulcers. Revista Da Escola De Enfermagem Da USP, 50(4), 628-634. https://doi.org/10.1590/S0080-623420160000500013
Section
Original Article