Predictors of hope among women with breast cancer during chemotherapy

  • Alessandra Cristina Sartore Balsanelli Universidade de São Paulo; Escola de Enfermagem; Departamento de Enfermagem Médico-Cirúrgica
  • Sonia Aurora Alves Grossi Universidade de São Paulo; Escola de Enfermagem; Departamento de Enfermagem Médico-Cirúrgica
Keywords: Breast Neoplasms, Drug Therapy, Hope, Pain, Oncology Nursing, Reproducibility of Results

Abstract

OBJECTIVE Identifying the predictors of hope in patients with breast cancer during chemotherapy treatment. METHOD A prospective longitudinal study. The sample was composed of 122 women who responded to the instruments of hope, anxiety and depression, coping, fatigue, religiosity and self-esteem in the first and last cycle of chemotherapy. These variables were used in adjusting the logistic regression model that characterized multivariate statistics, allowing identification of predictor variables. RESULT The increase of hope at the end of chemotherapy treatment was statistically significant (p = 0.012). The delay in undergoing treatment from the onset of breast cancer symptoms, Karnofsky Performance Status, depression, self-esteem and pain were characterized as factors being associated to hope by univariate analysis. Among the variables analyzed, pain was the only predicting factor of hope. CONCLUSION Pain was the predicting factor in this sample. Hope increased during treatment and revealed the following associated factors: Karnofsky Performance Status, delay in starting the treatment, depression, self-esteem and pain. This study brought forth a multidisciplinary contribution, allowing for understanding the factors that can influence hope and presenting support to nursing care. The data evidenced conditions of improvement or worsening of hope, which requires interdisciplinary attention in Oncology.

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Published
2016-12-01
How to Cite
Balsanelli, A., & Grossi, S. (2016). Predictors of hope among women with breast cancer during chemotherapy. Revista Da Escola De Enfermagem Da USP, 50(6), 898-904. https://doi.org/10.1590/s0080-623420160000700004
Section
Original Article