Evaluating pharmaceutical waste disposal in pediatric units

  • Maria Angélica Randoli de Almeida Universidade Federal de São Paulo; Escola Paulista de Enfermagem
  • Ana Maria Miranda Martins Wilson Universidade Federal de São Paulo; Escola Paulista de Enfermagem
  • Maria Angélica Sorgini Peterlini Universidade Federal de São Paulo; Escola Paulista de Enfermagem
Keywords: Medical Waste, Pharmaceutical Preparations, Pediatric Nursing

Abstract

OBJECTIVE To verify the disposal of pharmaceutical waste performed in pediatric units. METHOD A descriptive and observational study conducted in a university hospital. The convenience sample consisted of pharmaceuticals discarded during the study period. Handling and disposal during preparation and administration were observed. Data collection took place at pre-established times and was performed using a pre-validated instrument. RESULTS 356 drugs disposals were identified (35.1% in the clinic, 31.8% in the intensive care unit, 23.8% in the surgical unit and 9.3% in the infectious diseases unit). The most discarded pharmacological classes were: 22.7% antimicrobials, 14.8% electrolytes, 14.6% analgesics/pain killers, 9.5% diuretics and 6.7% antiulcer agents. The most used means for disposal were: sharps’ disposable box with a yellow bag (30.8%), sink drain (28.9%), sharps’ box with orange bag (14.3%), and infectious waste/bin with a white bag (10.1%). No disposal was identified after drug administration. CONCLUSION A discussion of measures that can contribute to reducing (healthcare) waste volume with the intention of engaging reflective team performance and proper disposal is necessary.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.
Published
2016-12-01
How to Cite
Almeida, M., Wilson, A., & Peterlini, M. (2016). Evaluating pharmaceutical waste disposal in pediatric units. Revista Da Escola De Enfermagem Da USP, 50(6), 922-928. https://doi.org/10.1590/s0080-623420160000700007
Section
Original Article